Baluchi


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Baluchi

(bəlo͞o`chē), language belonging to the Iranian group of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. See Indo-IranianIndo-Iranian,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages, spoken by more than a billion people, chiefly in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Iran, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka (see The Indo-European Family of Languages, table).
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 languages.

Baluchi

 

(self-designation, Baluch or Baloch), a people inhabiting part of Pakistan (Baluchistan, the west of Sind Province, and the southwest of Punjab Province); they also live in India, Iran, Afghanistan, and the USSR (Turkmen and Tadzhik SSR). Their combined population exceeds 2 million (1967 estimate), with 7,800 in the USSR (1959 census). Their language is Baluchi. Their religion is Sunnite Islam. Their chief occupations are nomadic herding and agriculture.

The Baluchi were first mentioned by Arabian geographers of the ninth and tenth centuries. At that time, the Baluchi lived in Kerman and east of that in Sistan. As a result of the invasions of Ephtalites (fifth century B.C.), Seljuks (early 11th century), Mongols (13th century), and the conquests of Tamerlane (14th century), the Baluchi gradually migrated south and then east and occupied a vast territory, which acquired the name Baluchistan. The Baluchi (migrants from Afghani and Iranian Sistan) appeared on the territory of Turkmen SSR in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

REFERENCES

Narody Srednei Azii i Kazakhstana, vol. 2. Moscow, 1963. (Bibliography.)
Narody luzhnoi Azii. Moscow, 1963.
Dames, M. L. The Baloch Race. London, 1904.

E. G. GAFFERBERG


Baluchi

 

the language of the Baluchi who live in Pakistan (c. 1 million people), Afghanistan (c. 600,000), Iran (c. 600,000), India (c. 50,000), the countries of the Arabian Peninsula (10,000), and the USSR (7,800, 1959 census). Baluchi belongs to the northwestern group of Iranian languages. It is divided into two large groups of dialects, eastern and western. In the past, Baluchi had no written literature. The Baluchi people used Persian as their written language in Iran and Pakistan. In the 1950’s, Urdu began to replace Persian in Pakistan. In the early 1940’s the first examples of Baluchi writing based on the Arabic alphabet began to appear.

The phonetic system of Baluchi, compared to that of the other Iranian languages, is characterized by its archaism. The vowel system is based on the opposition of long and short vowels. The consonantal system is characterized by the presence of certain elements of fricative articulation for obstruent consonants, the doubling of consonants between short vowels, and the preservation of resonance of sonants and voiced consonants in all phonetic positions.

The morphology of Baluchi is characterized by clearly expressed features in its analytical system. The breakdown of inflection that occurred in the majority of modern Iranian languages also takes place in Baluchi; grammatical gender is absent, and the parts of speech fall into two groups—nouns and verbs. However, the verb in Baluchi, as in ancient Iranian, possesses synthetic features. The ergative construction of Baluchi, although generally retained, is absent in a few dialects.

The vocabulary of Baluchi is basically autochthonous, with borrowings primarily from Persian and the Indian languages. There is a rich folklore in Baluchi, including heroic epics and tales.

REFERENCES

Zarubin, I. I. “K izucheniiu beludzhskogo iazyka i fol’klora.” In Zapiski Kollegii vostokovedov pri Aziatskom muzee AN SSSR, vol. 5. Leningrad, 1930.
Frolova, V. A. Beludzhskii iazyk. Moscow, 1960.
Gilbertson, G. W. The Balochi Language: A Grammar and Manual. Hertford, 1923.
English-Balochi Colloquial Dictionary, vols. 1–2. Hertford, 1925.
References in periodicals archive ?
In February, Iran said the band of Baluchi rebels that killed two dozen people at a military parade near the border had help from across the border and charged that one of the attackers was even a Pakistani citizen.
Militant Baluchi groups, mixing separatist rhetoric with Al-Qaeda practices including beheadings, have carried out a low-level insurgency for some time.
The following fixed effects model was employed for analysis of litter size in Baluchi ewes and least squares mean was used for multiple comparisons in litter size among different genotypes.
Summary: A bread bar with an excellent wine cellar and a great Pan Indian restaurant to boot, Baluchi celebrates the diverse flavours of India in its own unique style.
Jundallah, which means "Soldiers of God," is a militant Sunni group that claims to fight for the rights of the Sunni and ethnic Baluchi minority in Iran's southeastern Sistan-Baluchistan Province.
I posted the historical context of how the Pashtun and Baluchi peoples were carved up by borders created by the bygone imperialist aspirations of the British Raj and the Russians.
Summary: As the Pakistani government hastily presented a Baluchistan package in parliament in its last ditch effort to appease the estranged people of the insurgency-hit province, a group of Baluchi officials
The coordinated strike, one of the largest against the Guards in the region, appeared to mark an escalation in hostilities between Iran's leadership and the Baluchi ethnic minority.
Whilst the mission was underway, Australian Engineers took the chance to improve the Baluchi Crossing, which is the crossing point for the Dorafshan Rud (River) at the entrance to the Baluchi Valley, where a number of the Australian Patrol Bases are situated.--Courtesy ADoD
Facing an already incendiary situation fueled by Baluchi resentments and desire for regional autonomy, the army provoked mass riots when they assassinated a prominent tribal elder and Baluchi "nationalist" who had succeeded in keeping the general peace.
Navid Raisi Mahrokh Jamileh Baluchi Madame Sakineh Sakineh Azadi With: Vahid Khadir, Yasin Khoshamad Zehi.
The principle paymaster for the hijackers was Ali Abdul Aziz Ali, also known as Ammar al Baluchi, supposedly Yousef's first cousin and another of Mohammed's "nephews." Furthermore, two of Yousef's "older brothers" are also al Qaeda masterminds, capable of replacing Mohammed, who was captured in March 2003.