Ban Ki-Moon

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Ban Ki-Moon

(bän gē-mo͞on), 1944–, South Korean diplomat, secretary-general of the United Nations (2007–16), b. Chungju, grad. Seoul National Univ. (B.S., 1970), Kennedy School of Government, Harvard (M.P.A., 1985). A career diplomat, Ban held a series of posts in the South Korean foreign ministry and in its embassies abroad, including ambassador to Austria (1998–2000) and to the United Nations (2001–2) and minister of foreign affairs and trade (2004–6). In 2006 he was elected to succeed Kofi AnnanAnnan, Kofi Atta
1938–2018, Ghanaian diplomat, the seventh secretary-general of the United Nations (1997–2006) and the first person to hold that office who came from the organization's international bureaucracy, b. Kumasi.
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 as UN secretary-general; he was reelected in 2011. Ban continued his predecessors' efforts to modernize and restructure the UN administration. Although less of an activist than Annan, he consistently pursued throughout his two terms a broader and more effective international agreement on climate change, which ultimately culminated in the 2015 accord that was signed in Paris by 175 nations (see global warmingglobal warming,
the gradual increase of the temperature of the earth's lower atmosphere as a result of the increase in greenhouse gases since the Industrial Revolution. Global warming and its effects, such as more intense summer and winter storms, are also referred to as climate
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). Efforts at peacekeeping and protecting civilians from armed conflicts proved generally more difficult during his tenure, and were in some cases (Syria, E Ukraine) stymied by tensions on the Security Council between Russian and the West. António GuterresGuterres, António
(António Manuel de Oliveira Guterres), 1949–, Portuguese political leader, secretary-general of the United Nations (2017–), b. Lisbon, grad. Instituto Superior Ténico, Univ. of Lisbon (1971).
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 succeeded Ban as UN secretary-general.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Secretary General of UN Security Council Ban Kee Moon said that Peace Keeping Forces that intend to use drones in Congo should be very aware of the situation and allow such a decision at the appropriate time while dealing with the rebellion which the rebels of "M32" movement started nine months ago east of the country.
Ban Kee Moon's pessimism over the failure to achieve progress in the Manhasset negotiations can be ascribed to the Sahara dispute-related complications and entailed conflict of interests, which hinder all types of settlements that can absorb issues as important as self-determination through legal prescriptions and political mechanisms.
The Kashmiri leader highly appreciated the recent offer of mediation by the UN Secretary General Ban Kee Moon to facilitate for the peaceful resolution of Kashmir issue between Pakistan and India under the spirit of the UN resolutions - which are in tact on the United Nations charter, he added.