Bandar Abbas

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Bandar Abbas

(bändär` äb-bäs`), city (1991 pop. 249,504), S Iran, on the Strait of Hormuz at the mouth of the Persian Gulf. A port of strategic and commercial importance, it is the focal point of the trade routes of S Iran. It was long noted for its trade with India. The town has food processing, textile, and oil refining industries; cotton, rugs, nuts, and dates are exported. Early in the 16th cent. the Portuguese established themselves in the region, seizing the islands in the strait and using the town, which they fortified and called Gamru, as a mainland port. Shah Abbas I recaptured (c.1615) the town and later the islands. The Dutch (without the shah's consent) and the English (with the shah's approval) subsequently set up trading stations there; they called the town Gombroon. In 1622, Shah Abbas renamed the town Bandar Abbas (port of Abbas) and developed it into a major port. Bandar Abbas began to lose importance in the late 1800s, especially after the opening of the Trans-Iranian RR terminal at the head of the Persian Gulf.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Iranian naval group, which included the logistics frigate "Bandarabas" and the destructive "Naqdi" in docked yesterday in Bandarabas at the conclusion of its mission, which lasted 80 days in the Indian Ocean and Southeast Asia .
These wind towers can still be seen in warm and arid climates in central regions such as Kerman, Naeen, Yazd, Tabas, Kashan, Semnan, and Isfahan and even in southern regions of Tehran and in warm and humid climates in southern cities such as Bandarabas, Bandar Lengeh, Gheshm and Booshehr.
The plant was collected 120 km north of Bandarabas, fran, dried in shadow, and ground.