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band, in music, a group of musicians playing principally on wind and percussion instruments, usually outdoors. Prior to the 18th cent., the term band was frequently applied in a generic sense to cover the combinations of instruments employed by kings and nobles. The term is also used for an ensemble of any one type of instrument, as brass band, wind band, marimba band. As town bands once provided music for social dancing, so do modern jazz and rock bands of numerous descriptions (see jazz, rock music).
Modern bands usually include the piccolo, flute, clarinet, oboe, English horn, bassoon, saxophone, cornet, trumpet, French horn, trombone, tuba, flügelhorn, euphonium, and various percussion instruments. Concert bands may add the cello, bass viol, and harp. The band repertory has traditionally included flourishes, marches, and music transcribed from other mediums.
Evolution of Military and Concert Bands
As the town band began to decline at the end of the 17th cent., its official duties gradually shifted to the military band. A vestige of the extravagant, almost ritualistic affectations of the instrumentalists has survived in the routines of present-day drum majors and majorettes. For several centuries the general composition of the military band remained static, the fife and drum being associated with the infantry and the trumpet and kettledrum with the cavalry. France introduced the oboe in the latter half of the 17th cent., and a gradual merger with the full wind contingent of the town band ensued.
Important developments in instrument-making affected the composition of bands in the 19th cent. A Prussian bandmaster, Wilhelm Wieprecht (1802–72), introduced (c.1830) valve trumpets and horns into the military band. The saxhorns and saxophones of Adolphe Sax were incorporated into French military bands at midcentury. The sarrusophone was added in the 1860s, thus completing the instrumental ensemble that in most respects is known today.
Two outstanding European bands are the British Royal Artillery Band (founded 1762) and the band of the French Garde Républicaine, playing under that name since 1872. The U.S. Marine Band, founded in 1798, was the first important band in the United States and remains outstanding. The first U.S. band devoted exclusively to the presentation of public concerts was that of P. S. Gilmore, founded in 1859. His successor as America's leading bandmaster was John Philip Sousa (1854–1932). In 1911, Edwin Franko Goldman organized the Goldman Band, which continues to give outdoor concerts in New York City in the summer.
See R. F. Goldman, The Band's Music (1938) and The Concert Band (1946).
banda small group with a simple social structure. This form of social organization is regarded by US evolutionary anthropologists as existing prior to the TRIBE, CHIEFDOM or the STATE, and is usually associated with hunting and gathering societies. For definitional purposes it is regarded as having no differentiated political institutions and no complex social institutions.
(in Russian, bandazh), in engineering, a steel ring or hoop slipped on parts of machines or construction units to increase their durability or reduce wear. For example, in turbine construction, bands tie together the ends of the blades or support the middle part of long blades. The band of electrical machines (motors, generators) is a ring of steel wire wound very tightly onto the drum of the armature that keeps the coiling from falling out of the grooves. The band in pipelines is a ring slipped while hot onto a steel pipeline.
A rolled band (tire) for wheels is a steel ring of shaped profile, made by rolling and slipped while hot onto the wheel of a railroad car, locomotive, streetcar, or other piece of equipment. Bands are made from carbon construction steel.
What does it mean when you dream about a band?
Dreaming of participating in a band indicates a committed team player. A band can be a complex dream symbol, depending upon the dreamer’s past associations.
band(1) The range of frequencies used for transmitting a signal. A band is identified by its lower and upper limits; for example, the 10 MHz band from 100 MHz to 110 MHz. See satellite frequency bands, optical bands and 5G frequency bands.
(2) A rectangular section of a page that is created and sent to the printer. See band printing.
(3) (fitness band) See fitness tracker.
(4) The printing element in a band printer. See band printer.