Bandung

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Bandung

Bandung or Bandoeng (both: bänˈdo͞ong), city (2020 pop. 2,444,160), capital of Java Barat prov., W Java, Indonesia, near the Tangkuban Parahu volcano. Formerly the administrative and military headquarters of the Netherlands East Indies, it is the third largest city in Indonesia, an industrial hub, a famous educational and cultural center, and a tourist resort known for its cool, healthful climate. Founded by the Dutch in 1810, Bandung became important with the arrival of the railroad in the late 19th cent. Bandung is a textile center and the site of the country's quinine industry, which uses the cinchona grown on nearby plantations. Other manufactures include ceramics, chemicals, rubber products, aircraft, and machinery. The city is the seat of a textile institute, the Pasteur Institute, a technological institute, several universities, and a nuclear research center. Nearby is the Malabar radio station, one of the most powerful in SE Asia. The Bandung Conference of African and Asian nations, which ultimately led to the establishment of the Nonaligned Movement, was held there in 1955.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bandung

 

a city in Indonesia; a major economic and cultural center of the country. Administrative center of West Java Province. Located in the northern outskirts of the Bandung Plateau at an altitude of more than 600 m. Population, about 1 million (167,000 in 1930; 973,000 in 1961). Railroad junction. Center of the country’s textile industry.

Bandung has the largest quinine factory in the country (the state company Bhinneka Kina Farma), a canning factory, railroad shops, a technical rubber goods plant (of the Java Rubber Industry firm), and automobile assembly and radio engineering plants. Pajajaran University (opened in 1957) and a technological institute are located in Bandung. The administration of the geological service is there. A conference of Asian and African countries was held in Bandung in April 1955. Bandung was founded in 1810. The city has a rectangular plan, broad streets planted with trees and shrubs, and parks. The palaces, hotels, and school buildings are in contemporary European style and in the spirit of national architecture.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Bandung

a city in Indonesia, in SW Java. Pop.: 2 136 260 (2000)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Wegencongres 23-25 Juni 1924 te Bandoeng', De Ingenieur 39 (1924), 864-7, 892-5, p.
(36) Nederlandsch Indisch Wegen Congres Bandoeng; Ortt, 'Verslag van het Ned.-Ind.
To appreciate the force of Barthes's denunciation of the motivation of Orientalism, the specific context of the Bandoeng conference is indeed essential, for Lost Continent was first shown at the Cannes film festival in May 1955, a month after the conference opened.
See also 'Beknopt politiek-politioneel verslag van de Regentschappen Bandoeng, Garoet, Tasikmalaja, Tjiamis, Soemedang, Cheribon, Koeningan, Indramajoe, Madjalengka, Poerwakarta en Soekaboemi, over de maand Februari 1948', APG, no.
15 The Bandoeng tin pool of 1921 set the tone for the next twenty-five years with four international tin control or restriction schemes and four buffer stocks operating from 1931.
Otto, "Een Minahasser in Bandoeng; Indonesische oppositie in de koloniale gemeente", in Excursies in Celebes, ed.
Wolff Schoemaker (also Chair of the Bond voor Indische Kunstkringen (BIK, Confederation of Indies' Art Circles) in Bandoeng), P.H.W.
1935 Plaatselijke welvaartsbevordering: Prae-advies uitgebracht voor het 25ste De centralisatiecongres gehouden op 30 en 31 Mei en 1 Juni 1935 te Bandoeng. [Locale Belangen Mededeeling 102.]
Hoogtepunten zijn de beelden van het dagelijks leven van Javanen en Nederlanders, die van het KNIL en de opnamen van autotochten, zoals door Bandoeng. Die laatste kunnen worden gezien als een voorloper van het KITLV-project 'Recording the future'--en hoe jammer is het dat er een bijna honderdjarig gat gaapt tussen beide projecten.
KNIL-vaandrig Robert Aernout werd in februari 1948 in Lembang, bij Bandoeng, vermoord.