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Bandoeng(both: bän`do͞ong), city (1990 pop. 2,058,122), capital of Java Barat prov., W Java, Indonesia, near the Tangkuban Parahu volcano. Formerly the administrative and military headquarters of the Netherlands East Indies, it is the third largest city in Indonesia, an industrial hub, a famous educational and cultural center, and a tourist resort known for its cool, healthful climate. Founded by the Dutch in 1810, Bandung became important with the arrival of the railroad in the late 19th cent. Bandung is a textile center and the site of the country's quinine industry, which uses the cinchona grown on nearby plantations. Other manufactures include ceramics, chemicals, rubber products, aircraft, and machinery. The city is the seat of a textile institute, the Pasteur Institute, a technological institute, several universities, and a nuclear research center. Nearby is the Malabar radio station, one of the most powerful in SE Asia. The Bandung ConferenceBandung Conference,
meeting of representatives of 29 African and Asian nations, held at Bandung, Indonesia, in 1955. The aim—to promote economic and cultural cooperation and to oppose colonialism—was more or less achieved in an atmosphere of cordiality.
..... Click the link for more information. of African and Asian nations, which ultimately led to the establishment of the Nonaligned MovementNonaligned Movement,
organized movement of nations that attempted to form a third world force through a policy of nonalignment with the United States and Soviet Union. Yugoslavia, India, Indonesia, Egypt, and Ghana were instrumental in founding (1961) the movement, which grew
..... Click the link for more information. , was held there in 1955.
a city in Indonesia; a major economic and cultural center of the country. Administrative center of West Java Province. Located in the northern outskirts of the Bandung Plateau at an altitude of more than 600 m. Population, about 1 million (167,000 in 1930; 973,000 in 1961). Railroad junction. Center of the country’s textile industry.
Bandung has the largest quinine factory in the country (the state company Bhinneka Kina Farma), a canning factory, railroad shops, a technical rubber goods plant (of the Java Rubber Industry firm), and automobile assembly and radio engineering plants. Pajajaran University (opened in 1957) and a technological institute are located in Bandung. The administration of the geological service is there. A conference of Asian and African countries was held in Bandung in April 1955. Bandung was founded in 1810. The city has a rectangular plan, broad streets planted with trees and shrubs, and parks. The palaces, hotels, and school buildings are in contemporary European style and in the spirit of national architecture.