Bandung


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Bandung

or

Bandoeng

(both: bän`do͞ong), city (1990 pop. 2,058,122), capital of Java Barat prov., W Java, Indonesia, near the Tangkuban Parahu volcano. Formerly the administrative and military headquarters of the Netherlands East Indies, it is the third largest city in Indonesia, an industrial hub, a famous educational and cultural center, and a tourist resort known for its cool, healthful climate. Founded by the Dutch in 1810, Bandung became important with the arrival of the railroad in the late 19th cent. Bandung is a textile center and the site of the country's quinine industry, which uses the cinchona grown on nearby plantations. Other manufactures include ceramics, chemicals, rubber products, aircraft, and machinery. The city is the seat of a textile institute, the Pasteur Institute, a technological institute, several universities, and a nuclear research center. Nearby is the Malabar radio station, one of the most powerful in SE Asia. The Bandung ConferenceBandung Conference,
meeting of representatives of 29 African and Asian nations, held at Bandung, Indonesia, in 1955. The aim—to promote economic and cultural cooperation and to oppose colonialism—was more or less achieved in an atmosphere of cordiality.
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 of African and Asian nations, which ultimately led to the establishment of the Nonaligned MovementNonaligned Movement,
organized movement of nations that attempted to form a third world force through a policy of nonalignment with the United States and Soviet Union. Yugoslavia, India, Indonesia, Egypt, and Ghana were instrumental in founding (1961) the movement, which grew
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, was held there in 1955.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bandung

 

a city in Indonesia; a major economic and cultural center of the country. Administrative center of West Java Province. Located in the northern outskirts of the Bandung Plateau at an altitude of more than 600 m. Population, about 1 million (167,000 in 1930; 973,000 in 1961). Railroad junction. Center of the country’s textile industry.

Bandung has the largest quinine factory in the country (the state company Bhinneka Kina Farma), a canning factory, railroad shops, a technical rubber goods plant (of the Java Rubber Industry firm), and automobile assembly and radio engineering plants. Pajajaran University (opened in 1957) and a technological institute are located in Bandung. The administration of the geological service is there. A conference of Asian and African countries was held in Bandung in April 1955. Bandung was founded in 1810. The city has a rectangular plan, broad streets planted with trees and shrubs, and parks. The palaces, hotels, and school buildings are in contemporary European style and in the spirit of national architecture.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Bandung

a city in Indonesia, in SW Java. Pop.: 2 136 260 (2000)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The Bandung Creative City Forum, for which he works, has been attempting to address such problems through the mode of design since 2008.
Bandung is considered a center of education, culture and arts in Indonesia.
A bandros ride around the city was an introduction to the contrasts of Bandung's architecture, which varies between native elements and remnants of Dutch colonial times.
Congratulating the team on the win, ITC Executive Director Arancha Gonzalez said: 'An incredible amount of thinking has gone into the idea presented by these three students from the Bandung Institute of Technology.
In most cases, with notable exceptions such as Bandung which lies in a basin, Indonesia's main cities and population centres, are coastal, water being supplied from more inland sources, often a river or rivers.
Situated an hour and a half from the city center of Bandung, Mount Tangkuban Perahu is an active volcano that erupted in 2013.
University in Bandung expressed interest for cooperation with the Faculty of Metallurgy in Zenica," said doc.dr.sc.
Egypt's Ambassador to Indonesia Amr Moawad led the Egyptian delegation and delivered a speech during the forum's discussion sessions, in which he expressed his pleasure at, and the importance of, participating in such an event and that Egypt was one of the main countries that participated in the Bandung Conference in 1955.
This research was conducted in the pharmacy of one of the hospitals in Bandung. This research has been approved by the Nation's Health and Community Empowerment Agency number 070/2112/BKBPM and also by Health Research Ethics Committee, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran number 1218/UN6.C1.3.2/KEPK/PN/2016.
"This orangutan at Bandung Zoo is given a cigarette by ignorant visitors.
Marison Guciano, founder of the Indonesia Animal Welfare Society, said the incident was proof the country needed to raise zoo standards as he attacked the "lack of supervision" at Bandung.