Bandung

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Bandung

or

Bandoeng

(both: bän`do͞ong), city (1990 pop. 2,058,122), capital of Java Barat prov., W Java, Indonesia, near the Tangkuban Parahu volcano. Formerly the administrative and military headquarters of the Netherlands East Indies, it is the third largest city in Indonesia, an industrial hub, a famous educational and cultural center, and a tourist resort known for its cool, healthful climate. Founded by the Dutch in 1810, Bandung became important with the arrival of the railroad in the late 19th cent. Bandung is a textile center and the site of the country's quinine industry, which uses the cinchona grown on nearby plantations. Other manufactures include ceramics, chemicals, rubber products, aircraft, and machinery. The city is the seat of a textile institute, the Pasteur Institute, a technological institute, several universities, and a nuclear research center. Nearby is the Malabar radio station, one of the most powerful in SE Asia. The Bandung ConferenceBandung Conference,
meeting of representatives of 29 African and Asian nations, held at Bandung, Indonesia, in 1955. The aim—to promote economic and cultural cooperation and to oppose colonialism—was more or less achieved in an atmosphere of cordiality.
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 of African and Asian nations, which ultimately led to the establishment of the Nonaligned MovementNonaligned Movement,
organized movement of nations that attempted to form a third world force through a policy of nonalignment with the United States and Soviet Union. Yugoslavia, India, Indonesia, Egypt, and Ghana were instrumental in founding (1961) the movement, which grew
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, was held there in 1955.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bandung

 

a city in Indonesia; a major economic and cultural center of the country. Administrative center of West Java Province. Located in the northern outskirts of the Bandung Plateau at an altitude of more than 600 m. Population, about 1 million (167,000 in 1930; 973,000 in 1961). Railroad junction. Center of the country’s textile industry.

Bandung has the largest quinine factory in the country (the state company Bhinneka Kina Farma), a canning factory, railroad shops, a technical rubber goods plant (of the Java Rubber Industry firm), and automobile assembly and radio engineering plants. Pajajaran University (opened in 1957) and a technological institute are located in Bandung. The administration of the geological service is there. A conference of Asian and African countries was held in Bandung in April 1955. Bandung was founded in 1810. The city has a rectangular plan, broad streets planted with trees and shrubs, and parks. The palaces, hotels, and school buildings are in contemporary European style and in the spirit of national architecture.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Bandung

a city in Indonesia, in SW Java. Pop.: 2 136 260 (2000)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Head of Central Laboratory, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia. Professor at Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia.
[3] Divison of Biochemistry and Biology Molecular, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia.
(4) Department of Cardiology and Vascular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia
Muntalif, "Improved but not always safety; a microbial water quality analysis in Bandung Peri urban households," in Proceedings of the 5th Environmental Technology and Management Conference on Green Technology towards Sustainable Environment, Bandung, Indonesia, November 2015.
(3) Industrial and Finance Research Division of Mathematics and Natural Faculty, Bandung Institute of Technology, Bandung, Indonesia
The conference is seen as a milestone in the history of Asian and African countries and was held in Bandung, Indonesia, for the first time in 1955 in order to discuss issues related to peace, security and economic development.
The First large-scale Asian-African or Afro-Asian Conference-also known as the Bandung Conference was a meeting of Asian and African states, most of which were newly independent, which took place on April 18-24, 1955 in Bandung, Indonesia. (end) mam.msa
Along with Mumbai, the other nine cities selected were Accra, Ghana; Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Bandung, Indonesia; Bangkok, Thailand; Bogota, Colombia; Fortaleza, Brazil; Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam; Sao Paolo, Brazil and Shanghai, China.
Evidence for endemic chikungunya virus infections in Bandung, Indonesia. PLoS Negl Trop Dis.
Recently, I was fortunate enough to be a delegate for the United States at the 21st Session of the FAO Intergovernmental Group (IGG) on Tea held in Bandung, Indonesia during the first week in November.
Participants at the WCS Young Leaders Symposium include the Mayor of Bandung, Indonesia, Mr Ridwan Kamil; Chief Representative Officer of GDF Suez China, Mr Raphael Schoentgen; Chairman of the Lien Foundation, Mr Laurence Lien; and Chief Operating Officer for EMBARQ World Resource Institute, Mr Clayton Lane and many other senior personages.
Thirty-six-year-old Suryati is a farmer and community leader in Pangalengan, Bandung, Indonesia, and has been a member of the organisation Seruni for eight years, working on land rights issues.