Bandung

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Bandung

or

Bandoeng

(both: bän`do͞ong), city (1990 pop. 2,058,122), capital of Java Barat prov., W Java, Indonesia, near the Tangkuban Prahu volcano. Formerly the administrative and military headquarters of the Netherlands East Indies, it is the third largest city in Indonesia, an industrial hub, a famous educational and cultural center, and a tourist resort known for its cool, healthful climate. Founded by the Dutch in 1810, Bandung became important with the arrival of the railroad in the late 19th cent. Bandung is a textile center and the site of the country's quinine industry, which uses the cinchona grown on nearby plantations. Other manufactures include ceramics, chemicals, rubber products, aircraft, and machinery. The city is the seat of a textile institute, the Pasteur Institute, a technological institute, several universities, and a nuclear research center. Nearby is the Malabar radio station, one of the most powerful in SE Asia. The Bandung ConferenceBandung Conference,
meeting of representatives of 29 African and Asian nations, held at Bandung, Indonesia, in 1955. The aim—to promote economic and cultural cooperation and to oppose colonialism—was more or less achieved in an atmosphere of cordiality.
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 of African and Asian nations, which ultimately led to the establishment of the Nonaligned MovementNonaligned Movement,
organized movement of nations that attempted to form a third world force through a policy of nonalignment with the United States and Soviet Union. Yugoslavia, India, Indonesia, Egypt, and Ghana were instrumental in founding (1961) the movement, which grew
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, was held there in 1955.

Bandung

 

a city in Indonesia; a major economic and cultural center of the country. Administrative center of West Java Province. Located in the northern outskirts of the Bandung Plateau at an altitude of more than 600 m. Population, about 1 million (167,000 in 1930; 973,000 in 1961). Railroad junction. Center of the country’s textile industry.

Bandung has the largest quinine factory in the country (the state company Bhinneka Kina Farma), a canning factory, railroad shops, a technical rubber goods plant (of the Java Rubber Industry firm), and automobile assembly and radio engineering plants. Pajajaran University (opened in 1957) and a technological institute are located in Bandung. The administration of the geological service is there. A conference of Asian and African countries was held in Bandung in April 1955. Bandung was founded in 1810. The city has a rectangular plan, broad streets planted with trees and shrubs, and parks. The palaces, hotels, and school buildings are in contemporary European style and in the spirit of national architecture.

Bandung

a city in Indonesia, in SW Java. Pop.: 2 136 260 (2000)
References in periodicals archive ?
Eng, Geology Engineering, Padjadjaran University, Bandung, Indonesia.
OVER FORTY YEARS AGO IN APRIL 1955, THE FAMOUS Asian and African Conference was held in Bandung, Indonesia.
the Hearst Castle in San Simeon; a planetarium in Nagasaki, Japan, in collaboration with Minolta; and the tourist area of Bandung, Indonesia.
Ponpon Idjradinata of Padjadjaran University in Bandung, Indonesia, and his colleagues provided a cherry-flavored syrup for 4 months to 47 iron-sufficient toddlers from middle-class urban families.
The name comes from the 1955 conference of nonaligned nations held in Bandung, Indonesia.
Shabbir Cheema, East-West Center, Hawaii Andrew Cotton, Loughborough University, UK Amrita Daniere, University of Toronto, Mississauga Tommy Firman, Institute of Technology, Bandung, Indonesia John Friedmann, University of British Columbia, Canada Alan Gilbert, University College London, UK Katherine Gough, University of Copenhagen Arif Hasan, Arif Hasan & Associates, Pakistan Won Bae Kim, Northeast Asian Regional Development Centre, Korea Benedict Korf, University of Zurich Michael Leaf, University of British Columbia, Canada Terry McGee, University of British Columbia, Canada Laurence J.
This newly-constituted award of China commemorates the 60th Anniversary of Afro-Asian Conference in Bandung, Indonesia, which established the five principles of peaceful co-existence as the governing basis of inter-state relations among newly emerging countries in Africa and Asia.
The delegates from 29 participating countries gathered in Bandung, Indonesia to discuss peace, security, and economic development in the midst of emerging problems in many parts of the world.
The Institute for Research and Community Services Institute Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia, won the first category for the most outstanding contribution to social and economic development.
Bandung, Indonesia, June 18, 2013 - (ACN Newswire) - The Indonesian government has warned Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) member states of new and emerging health related threats.
This collection of sixty-two articles on informatics and machine learning, representing the proceedings of the First International Conference on Informatics and Computational Intelligence, held in December 2011 in Bandung, Indonesia, showcases current scholarship in a wide variety of subject areas related to information science and artificial intelligence technologies.
amp; BANDUNG, Indonesia -- GE Transportation and PT Kereta Api (PTKA), Indonesia's state-controlled railway, announced today that PTKA has confirmed an order for 20 C20-EMP locomotives with deliveries scheduled for 2010 and 2011.