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a multistringed, plucked Ukrainian musical instrument. It has been known since the 16th century. The body is circular or oval and shallow; the strings are stretched over the neck (the bass strings, serving as accompaniment) and to the sides on the sounding board (the strings on which the melody is played). The strings are not shortened while playing. A special plectrum is often used to increase the volume. Bandura and kobza players used the bandura to accompany themselves while singing (the kobza is another Ukrainian stringed instrument).

The bandura has been perfected, orchestral versions of the instrument have been made, and bandura ensembles (the most famous of which is the State Honored Choir of Ban-durists of the Ukrainian SSR) have appeared.


Khotkevych, H. Muzychni instrumenty ukrains’koho narodu. Kharkov, 1930.
Lysenko, M. V. Narodni muzychni instrumenty na Ukraini. Kiev, 1955.


References in periodicals archive ?
Bandura (1977, 1986, 1997) also argued that personal 26 capability beliefs depend upon a specific context and environment, in response to the promise of using these personal motivation variables to better understand and potentially influence lies teacher success.
Bandura (2001b) criticized the use of general and non specific self-efficacy scales.
Bandura (1982) affirmed that collective efficacy has its roots in the concept of self-efficacy which does not signify that this has the same meaning.
As Bandura (1997) suggests, giving teachers a sense of efficacy is critical if they are going to even attempt the task.
Bandura (1986) asserted that modeling is even more important when dealing with marginalized populations.
La Teoria Social Cognitiva desarrollada por Bandura (1977, 1987, 1997) es una de las teorias mas utilizadas dentro del campo de las conductas adictivas, y un elemento importante dentro de esta teoria es el constructo de autoeficacia, de los cuales distingue dos tipos de expectativas, las expectativas de resultado y las expectativas de eficacia (autoeficacia).
Nadia studied Western classical music on the piano and cello before she attended her first bandura camp in 1984, an experience that, she confesses, she didn't enjoy.
Thus Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT), as developed by Bandura (1989), has been applied to career counselling for women college students (Betz and Luzzo 1996), people of colour (Flores and O'Brien 2002), people with disabilities (Luzzo et al.
Las personas con un alto sentido de autoeficacia aumentan su funcionamiento sociocognitivo en diferentes dominios, y afrontaran las tareas dificiles percibiendolas como modificables, mas que como amenazantes (Carrasco y Del Barrio, 2002; Villamarin, 1994); a la vez, tanto Bandura (1991) como Vinaccia, Contreras, Retrepo, Cadena y Anaya (2005) han senalado el papel que tiene la autoeficacia en las conductas relacionadas con la salud.
Bandura (1997) indicated a person's ability to adapt and change in a confrontational or threatening situation depends on successful mastery experiences, such as participant modeling and performance desensitization.
Bandura asserted that "the capacity to exercise control over one's own thought processes, motivation, and action is a distinctively human characteristic" (Bandura, 1989, p.
According to Bandura (1977b; 1997), self-efficacy is the primary cognitive mechanism that facilitates action.