Banff National Park

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Banff National Park,

2,564 sq mi (6,641 sq km), W Alta., Canada, in the Rocky Mts.; est. 1885. Noted for its mountain scenery and mineral springs, Canada's oldest national park is a year-round resort area. Banff and Lake Louise are the chief centers.
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Banff National Park

Address:Box 900
Banff, AB T1L1K2

Size: 6,641 sq. km.
Established: 1885.
Location:In the Canadian Rocky Mountains on the Alberta side of the Continental Divide, 128 km west of Calgary and 401 km southwest of Edmonton. The Trans-Canada Highway runs west from Calgary into the park and through Banff and Lake Louise, then continues west towards Vancouver. Buses to Banff and Lake Louise run year round. The 230-km Icefields Parkway connects Lake Louise with Jasper National Park (see separate entry for description).
Facilities:Visitor centers, Banff Springs Hotel, park museum (established in 1895), 13 campgrounds, hot springs, rustic shelters, commercial backcountry lodges, Alpine Club of Canada huts, trails (1600+ km), commercial horse outfitters, and numerous guide services. The resort towns of Banff and Lake Louise are located in the park and each offers visitors a full range of services and facilities, including information centers. The Cave and Basin National Historic Site in Banff commemorates the establishment, growth, and development of Canada's national parks through interactive displays and exhibits.
Activities:Camping, hiking, horseback riding, mountain biking, fishing (permit required), canoeing, kayaking, rafting, wildlife viewing, scenic touring, mountaineering, rock climbing, interpretive programs, guided tours, cross-country skiing, skating, snowshoeing.
Special Features:Founded in 1885 following the discovery of the Cave and Basin Hot Springs, Banff is Canada's oldest and most famous national park, and is part of the UNESCO Rocky Mountain Parks World Heritage Site. It includes a variety of outstanding geological and ecological features, including rugged mountains, glaciers, icefields, alpine meadows, lakes, mineral hot springs, deep canyons and hoodoos. Its diverse wildlife features 53 species of mammals, including elk, bighorn sheep, black and grizzly bear, wolf, coyote, caribou, and mountain lion. The Castleguard Caves in the remote northwest corner of the park form Canada's longest cave system.

See other parks in Alberta.
Parks Directory of the United States, 5th Edition. © 2007 by Omnigraphics, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Rocky Mountaineer in the Rockies, left; A Banff Gondola on top of Sulphur Mountain at Banff National Park, Alberta, below; and main, a view of the Banff National Park
Black bear seasonal food habits and distribution by elevation in Banff National Park, Alberta. Intl.
With my daughters, I've hiked the Blue Mountains near Sydney, Australia, and Banff National Park, Alberta, Canada.
In its disclaimer, Healy Park is described "a work of fiction, set in Banff National Park, Alberta." But it is also a blend of journalism.
Beautiful Lake Louise in the Banff National Park, Alberta, is a favourite with British visitors.