(redirected from Bangali)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to Bangali: Bengali people


(bĕngäl`ē) or


(bäng`lä), language belonging to the Indic group of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. See Indo-IranianIndo-Iranian,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages, spoken by more than a billion people, chiefly in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Iran, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka (see The Indo-European Family of Languages, table).
..... Click the link for more information.



the language of the Bengali people, prevalent in the Indian state of West Bengal and in East Pakistan. It is also spoken in the Indian states of Assam, Bihar, and Orissa. About 100 million people speak Bengali (1967 estimate). It is related to the Indo-Aryan group of Indo-European languages and is divided into four dialectical groups: western, eastern, northern, and northeastern. The ancient period of the history of the language in Bengal was the period of the tenth, 11th, and 12th centuries. The period of the formation of basic structural features of the Bengali language was from the late 15th century to the early 17th century, and the period of the emergence of modern Bengali was from the late 18th century to the 19th century. Since the 1947 division of Bengal between India and Pakistan, the Bengali language in East Bengal, which became part of Pakistan, has been marked by a greater use of Arabic and Persian words than the language in the western part of Bengal, which became the Indian state of West Bengal.

The characteristics of the phonetic structure of the Bengali language are vowel harmony, the presence of nasal vowels opposed to nonnasal vowels and aspirated vowels opposed to unaspirated vowels, the doubling of consonants, and the pronunciation of unstressed “o.” The grammatical structure is based on an agglutinative type of word formation and word change, the use of auxiliary words, and reduplication and juxtaposition of grammatical and semantic conjunctive particles. The leading word is postpositioned in word combinations, as is the auxiliary element in morphological and syntactic formations. Words are formed by means of suffixes and compounds. Prefixes are used in Sanskrit words. The inflection of substantive nouns and pronouns varies according to case and number, and verb forms change according to tense and person in the indicative and imperative modes. There is no gender distinction. There are distinctions between animate and inanimate and definite and indefinite, which are reflected in the formation of declensional forms and in the use of definite and demonstrative affixes—that is, particles added to nouns and pronouns. There is a developed system of tense forms. Word groups with auxiliary verbs prevail (verbal-verbal and verbal-nominal). Pronouns and adverbs do not have negative forms.

The writing system of Bengali is Banglakkhor, and, like the Devanagari and Gurmukhi systems, it can be traced back to the Brahmin system of writing. There is a rich Bengali literature.


Bykova, E. M. Bengal’skii iazyk. Moscow, 1966.
Chatterji, S. K. The Origin and Development of the Bengali Language. Calcutta, 1926.



1. a member of a people living chiefly in Bangladesh and in West Bengal. The West Bengalis are mainly Hindus; the East Bengalis of Bangladesh are mainly Muslims
2. the language of this people: the official language of Bangladesh and the chief language of West Bengal; it belongs to the Indic branch of the Indo-European family
References in periodicals archive ?
Life-long dream: Momoh Bangali outside school with his youngest son Fodey, aged six.
Past Sera Bangalis have included luminaries like Pranab Mukherjee- Minister of Finance, Dr Muhammad Yunus- Economist and winner of Nobel Peace Prize, Sourav Ganguly, Mithun Chakraborty, Rahul Bose and Anurag Basu.
Two Kavirajes provided primary health care to the inhabitants of the two villages and practiced among both Santals and the non-Santal Bangali community.
The arrested persons were identified as Asfaqur Rahman alias Abu Zahir Al-Bangali, 22, of Mymensingh and Rakibul Hasan Jony alias Abu Taif Al Bangali, 19, of Muradnagar upazila under Comilla district.
KUWAIT, July 17 (KUNA) -- The Ministry of Health On Monday submitted a report to the Attorney General Dherar Al-Assoussi against a lawyer who fabricated a story about a Bangali expat who impersonated as a doctor.
Dr Mirza Ikhtiar Baig former Advisor to PM Kaisar Bangali economist Iftikhar Ahmed Vohra President KCCI Tahira Raza President FWB Rahat Kaunain former chairperson Competition Commission of Pakistan Tariq Sultan member finance PTA and others addressed the audience.
Emley opened the scoring through Matthew Crookes, the winger tapping-in following great work by Edson Bangali.
Mohd Kasim Shaikh alias Bangali ( 21), Mohd Salim Ansari ( 28), and Vijay Jadhav ( 19), are now on the death row, with the liberity to challenge the sentence in higher courts.
In Lyari Aagra Taj Colony a criminal Javed alias Bangali was killed in exchange of fire with police.
According to television reports, the accused, Kasim Bangali, is the eldest of the five accused and was the one who sexually assaulted the victim twice.
Siraj Rehman alias Ashfaque, 23-year-old, was arrested on Saturday but Kasim Bangali, the fourth accused, was taken into custody in the early hours on Sunday.
According to the sources, a delegation of the Sindh government comprising Chief Minister Qaim Ali Shah, the finance secretary and Adviser to the Chief Minister Kaisar Bangali met the president.