Awami League

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Awami League,

political organization in Pakistan and Bangladesh. It was founded in 1949 as an opposition party in Pakistan and had a moderately socialist ideology. The Awami [people's] League, with cofounder Sheikh Mujibur RahmanMujibur Rahman
, 1921–75, East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) political leader, prime minister of Bangladesh (1972–75), popularly known as Sheikh Mujib. Concerned that East Pakistan was unfairly dominated by West Pakistan, he helped found (1949) the Awami League to fight
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 as its leader from 1953, called in 1966 for a federation of East and West Pakistan, an arrangement that would have given much greater autonomy to East Pakistan. The party's candidates won a majority in the 1970 elections, but the central government in West Pakistan banned the League after war between East and West Pakistan erupted in early 1971. When Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan) won its independence in late 1971, the party was the nation's dominant political force. In 1981 and again in 1991 it was defeated in a popular election by the Bangladesh National party (BNP), but the League won the 1996 parliamentary elections, and party leader Hasina WazedWazed, Hasina
, 1947–, Bangladeshi political leader, grad. Univ. of Dhaka (1973). Popularly known as Sheikh Hasina, she is the daughter of Bangladesh's first prime minister, Mujibur Rahman and a member of the Awami League, which her father cofounded and led.
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, the daughter of Mujibur Rahman, became prime minister. The League lost the 2001 elections to the BNP in a landslide, but in 2008 the party was returned to power in a landslide and Sheikh Hasina again became (2009) prime minister. The 2014 elections, boycotted by the BNP, resulted in an Awami League landslide.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Awami League


(Urdu, “People’s League”), a political party in the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Founded in 1949 in Pakistan. It acquired its greatest influence in East Pakistan (East Bengal), where it actively participated in the Bengali national liberation movement. It was banned from 1958 to 1962. In December 1970 it won a brilliant victory in the elections to the National Assembly of Pakistan and the Legislative Assembly of East Pakistan. In March 1971, however, its activities were banned by the Pakistani military regime, and its leader—Sheikh Mujibur Rahman—was arrested. From April to December 1971 the Awami League headed the struggle for national independence in East Bengal. After East Bengal was proclaimed the People’s Republic of Bangladesh in 1971, leaders of the Awami League formed the government of the republic. [1–113–3; updated]

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
'During this tour, we'll meet CPC leaders and discuss on various issues where the Rohingya crisis and their repatriation to Myanmar will come up for discussion," said Advocate Abdul Matin Khasru at the Bangladesh Awami League's party chief Sheikh Hasina's office at Dhanmondi-3 Monday afternoon.
The building is owned by a leader of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina's ruling Bangladesh Awami League party, who reportedly constructed it without permission from relevant authorities, and assured the owners of the factories that there was no problem despite cracks detected.
He belongs to the ruling political regime and is alleged to be a 'thug who controls "political business" for the Bangladesh Awami League, including murder.'
A secretary-level meeting of Bangladesh Awami League (AL) will be held at the party president's Dhanmondi political office in the capital on Tuesday, reports BSS.
Other senior leaders of the Bangladesh Awami League party, along with Cabinet ministers and parliament members were also present at the event that took place in front of Bangabandhu Memorial Museum, in Dhaka's Dhanmondi.
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina's ruling Bangladesh Awami League party, which rose to power with a landslide election victory in early 2009 and won its second term in 2014, is facing challenges from Zia's BNP and its allies, which boycotted the 2014 elections.
Shammi Ahmed, international affairs secretary of the ruling Bangladesh Awami League, said Dhaka "will continue the same diplomatic relationship with Pakistan no matter who comes to power."
The memorial was set up by Bangladesh Awami League in front of its Bangabandhu Avenue central office where the militants lobbed 13 grenades on a peaceful rally of the party on this day in 2004.
The decision to arrest Hasina was taken by Prime Minister Shaikh Hasina who heads the Bangladesh Awami League. The future of Bangladesh has been fastened to the political rivalry and personal animosity between Hasina and Zia and these recent developments are a case in point.
A least two people have been shot dead in a clash between ruling Bangladesh Awami League (AL) party and its main opponent ex- Prime Minister Khaleda Zia's Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) leaders and activists in Natore district on Monday morning.
Six floors of the building, owned by a leader of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina's ruling Bangladesh Awami League party who reportedly constructed the building without permission from relevant authorities, assured owners of the factories there was no problem despite cracks detected.
Information Minister and Publication and Publicity secretary of Bangladesh Awami League (AL) Dr Hasan Mahmud today said BNP is playing game with Rohingya issue and genuine repatriation is not their main objective, reports BSS.

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