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Banja Luka(bän`yä lo͞o`kä), city (2013 pop. 150,997), in NE Bosnia and Herzegovina, on the Vrbas River. The capital of Bosnia's semiautonomous Serb region, it is a government and financial center with food processing and the manufacture of machinery, paper, and appliances. Banja Luka was captured by the Turks in 1528 and was (1583–1638) the seat of the pashas of Bosnia. Later (1878–1918) a part of Austria-Hungary, it passed to Yugoslavia after World War I. Bosnia and Herzegovina splintered along ethnic lines in 1992 and erupted in civil war, Banja Luka fell under Serb control and much of the minority population was driven out. The city has Roman ruins and the 16th-century Ferhat Pasha Mosque (rebuilt after being razed in 1993 by Bosnian Serb forces); the Arnaudija Mosque (1594) was also razed.
a city in Yugoslavia, in the Republic of Bosnia-Hercegovina. Population, 60,000 (1967). Situated on the Vrbas River. There is metalworking and machine building, as well as timber-processing, tobacco, and food industry. Hot sulfur springs are located near the city. In October 1969 the city was damaged by a severe earthquake.