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in Croatia (until 1921) the title of the viceroy; in Yugoslavia (during the period 1929–41) the title of a governor in charge of a banovina. During the years 1939—41 this term was used for the chief executive of autonomous Croatia.
medieval legal term (in Western Europe) signifying, in particular, the right of the head of government to exercise supreme power, such as judicial (as in judicial ban), military (to raise troops and command them, known as military ban), or administrative power in a fortified place (burg ban). In the early Middle Ages, the ban belonged to the king and to responsible state officials; in the period of feudal disintegration, it was transferred to various feudal lords. In Germany, from the tenth century, the creation of so-called regional bans (territory over which one or another ruler held judicial and administrative power) was one of the manifestations of the trend toward formation of territorial principalities.
smaller monetary unit of the Socialist Republic of Rumania; equal to 1/100 leu. Coins of 50,25,15,10,5,3, and 1 ban are in circulation.