Bankhead, John Hollis

Bankhead, John Hollis

(băngk`hĕd), 1872–1946, American politician, b. Moscow, Ala.; brother of William Brockman BankheadBankhead, William Brockman,
1874–1940, U.S. Representative from Alabama (1917–40), b. Lamar co., Ala. Chairman of the House rules committee (1934–35), Democratic floor leader (1935–36), and Speaker of the House (1936–40), he was one of the
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. He was elected to the Alabama legislature in 1903 and served in the U.S. Senate from 1931 until his death. Bankhead was a leader of the farm bloc in the Senate and strongly supported the New DealNew Deal,
in U.S. history, term for the domestic reform program of the administration of Franklin Delano Roosevelt; it was first used by Roosevelt in his speech accepting the Democratic party nomination for President in 1932.
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. He sponsored (with his brother) the Bankhead Cotton Control Act of 1934.
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Bankhead, John Hollis

(1872–1946) lawyer, politician; born in Moscow, Ala. (uncle of Tallulah Bankhead). He graduated Georgetown Law School (1893) and returned to Alabama and the law office of his father's business friend. As a state representative (1903–05), he once wrote a law to disenfranchise African-Americans. In 1930 he ran successfully for the U.S. Senate as a "Jeffersonian Democrat" and embraced New Deal farm programs (Dem., 1931–46). The Bankhead-Jones Farm Tenant Act (1937) established the Farm Security Administration which, among other things, assisted migrant workers. During the war he fought unsuccessfully the president's policy of keeping food prices low. He collapsed during a political battle to prevent the continuation of price controls and died a month later.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.