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(băn`ək), Native North Americans who formerly ranged over wide territory of the N Great Plains and into the foothills of the Rocky Mts. They were concentrated in S Idaho. Their language belonged to the Uto-Aztecan branch of the Aztec-Tanoan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). Their culture was typical of the Plains tribes (see under Natives, North AmericanNatives, North American,
peoples who occupied North America before the arrival of the Europeans in the 15th cent. They have long been known as Indians because of the belief prevalent at the time of Columbus that the Americas were the outer reaches of the Indies (i.e.
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). In 1869, Fort Hall Reservation in Idaho was established for them and for the Northern ShoshoneShoshone
or Shoshoni
, Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Shoshonean group of the Uto-Aztecan branch of the Aztec-Tanoan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). In the early 19th cent.
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, with whom the Bannock were closely associated. Loss of hunting lands, disappearance of the buffalo, and lack of assistance from the U.S. government led to a Bannock uprising in 1878, which was suppressed. Most Bannock and the Northern Shoshone live at the Fort Hall Reservation. In 1990 there were about 3,500 Shoshone-Bannock in the United States.


See B. D. Madsen, The Bannock of Idaho (1958); R. F. Murphy, Shoshone-Bannock Subsistence and Society (1960).

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References in periodicals archive ?
This causes such fervent debate in Shetland that full-blown fights can break out over whose bannock method is best.
To make the softer, more cake-like 'oven bannock', preheat your oven to 180C/160C fan/Gas 4.
Scoop your sticky bannock mix out into your crater, then sprinkle plenty more flour on top.
According to the instructions given them by Brigham Young, the missionaries were urged to "settle among the Flathead, Bannock, or Shoshone Indians, ...
Vying for political authority among the Salmon River tribal nation was Shoo-woo-koo, a Bannock leader.
wanted houses to live in and hoped the Mormons would teach them to farm so they could live like white men." (37) Those Shoshoni under Snag and the minority Bannock under Shoo-woo-koo, who demonstrated a willingness to be instructed in the arts of civilization, were given grain and beef.
As a requisite for reaping any economic benefits, the Shoshoni and Bannock were instructed in Mormon doctrine.
Over the life of the settlement, about one hundred Shoshoni and Bannock professed to the Mormon faith, including Chief Snag.
Their competition for political authority was brought to the forefront in 1856 when Snag informed the Mormon missionaries that Shoo-woo-koo's Bannock and the Nez Perce were raiding each other for horses.
Any successes in further socioreligious conversion to promote Mormon expansion began to deteriorate in summer 1857 when Nez Perce, Pend d'Oreille, and Bannock warriors began a series of horse raids on each other.
In part one, Smoak argues that Newe people, as the Shoshone and Bannock called themselves, originally did not have a band or tribal identity, but rather "a fluid and intricate network of kinship ties and extensive intergroup migration" (20).
Part two focuses on the mid-to-late nineteenth century, when the Shoshone and Bannock peoples lost most of their lands and were confined to reservations.