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(băn`ək), Native North Americans who formerly ranged over wide territory of the N Great Plains and into the foothills of the Rocky Mts. They were concentrated in S Idaho. Their language belonged to the Uto-Aztecan branch of the Aztec-Tanoan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). Their culture was typical of the Plains tribes (see under Natives, North AmericanNatives, North American,
peoples who occupied North America before the arrival of the Europeans in the 15th cent. They have long been known as Indians because of the belief prevalent at the time of Columbus that the Americas were the outer reaches of the Indies (i.e.
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). In 1869, Fort Hall Reservation in Idaho was established for them and for the Northern ShoshoneShoshone
or Shoshoni
, Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Shoshonean group of the Uto-Aztecan branch of the Aztec-Tanoan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). In the early 19th cent.
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, with whom the Bannock were closely associated. Loss of hunting lands, disappearance of the buffalo, and lack of assistance from the U.S. government led to a Bannock uprising in 1878, which was suppressed. Most Bannock and the Northern Shoshone live at the Fort Hall Reservation. In 1990 there were about 3,500 Shoshone-Bannock in the United States.


See B. D. Madsen, The Bannock of Idaho (1958); R. F. Murphy, Shoshone-Bannock Subsistence and Society (1960).

References in periodicals archive ?
Scoop your sticky bannock mix out into your crater, then sprinkle plenty more flour on top.
Although governmental interaction remained limited with the Salmon River Valley indigenous people, the growing hostilities further south between Anglo immigrants and the Pohogwe Shoshoni and Bannock required intervention.
According to the instructions given them by Brigham Young, the missionaries were urged to "settle among the Flathead, Bannock, or Shoshone Indians, .
Vying for political authority among the Salmon River tribal nation was Shoo-woo-koo, a Bannock leader.
37) Those Shoshoni under Snag and the minority Bannock under Shoo-woo-koo, who demonstrated a willingness to be instructed in the arts of civilization, were given grain and beef.
As a requisite for reaping any economic benefits, the Shoshoni and Bannock were instructed in Mormon doctrine.
Over the life of the settlement, about one hundred Shoshoni and Bannock professed to the Mormon faith, including Chief Snag.
Their competition for political authority was brought to the forefront in 1856 when Snag informed the Mormon missionaries that Shoo-woo-koo's Bannock and the Nez Perce were raiding each other for horses.
Any successes in further socioreligious conversion to promote Mormon expansion began to deteriorate in summer 1857 when Nez Perce, Pend d'Oreille, and Bannock warriors began a series of horse raids on each other.
51) All of the Salmon River Valley Shoshoni and Bannock were excommunicated from the church because they remained Lamanites, or "Unbelievers.
While the ideological impact of the Mormon presence was minimal, the Salmon River Mission experience held significant sociological consequences for the Tukudeka, Agaidika, Kucundika, and Bannock residing in the Salmon River Valley.
Bakers in Selkirk are crossing swords in a battle of bannock buns.