bantustan

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bantustan,

in 20th-century South African history, territory that was set aside under apartheidapartheid
[Afrik.,=apartness], system of racial segregation peculiar to the Republic of South Africa, the legal basis of which was largely repealed in 1991–92. History
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 for black South Africans and slated for eventual independence. Ten bantustans (later generally referred to as homelands), covering 14% of the country's land, were created from the former "native reserves." Four were proclaimed independent—TranskeiTranskei
, former black "homeland" and nominal republic, E South Africa, in what is now Eastern Cape prov. Transkei was bounded by the Great Kei River on the south, by the Indian Ocean on the east, by Natal (now Kwazulu-Natal) on the north, and by Lesotho on the northwest.
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 (1976), BophuthatswanaBophuthatswana
, former black "homeland" and nominal republic, c.17,000 sq mi (44,000 sq km), N South Africa. Bophuthatswana comprised seven separate areas, one along the Botswana border, the remainder enclaves within N and central South Africa.
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 (1977), VendaVenda
, former black "homeland" and nominal republic, NE South Africa. It comprised two connected areas near the Zimbabwe border in what is now Limpopo prov. Kruger National Park bordered on its northeast, and the former homeland of Gazankulu bordered on the southeast.
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 (1979), and CiskeiCiskei
, former black "homeland" and nominal republic, SE South Africa, in what is now Eastern Cape prov. Surrounded by the former Cape Province of South Africa, it consisted of two parcels of land, the larger one bordering the Indian Ocean to the southeast.
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 (1981)—but no foreign government recognized them as independent nations. Citizens of independent homelands lost the limited rights they had as South Africans. Under the South African constitution that was approved in 1993 and ended white rule, South African citizenship was restored to homeland residents, and the homelands were abolished.
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Bantustan

(formerly, in South Africa) an area reserved for occupation by a Black African people, with limited self-government; abolished in 1993
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Post-apartheid South Africa was marked by two glaring birthmarks: racialised inequality in urban areas and tribalised despotism in Bantustans. President Nelson Mandela and the ANC promised to transfer 30 per cent of agricultural land from white to black hands by 1999 and to reform the power structure in the former Bantustans.
The difference in the West Bank is that whereas South African Bantustans were spread in the two large countries, all the Bantustans of the West Bank are small sets of city centers, townships and villages within the tiny 5,655 square kilometres area dissevered by a network of walled passages and checkpoints that make it practically impossible for a person living in one locality to enter another without passing through humiliating obstacles erected by alien Israeli forces.
The government announced that relocated persons would lose their South African citizenship as they were absorbed into the bantustans.
Syria's fragmentation into ethnic- and religious-based statelets, and Israel's attempts to create isolated Palestinian 'bantustans', are lethal for the region and beyond.
Palestinians watch with dismay as Israel confiscates ever more land and resources, forcing the indigenous communities into poverty-stricken Bantustans.
During the apartheid era, social engineering had created the Bantustans or black homelands with tinpot dictators, who were stooges of the white regime.
It is the one dividing and cutting the land of the future Palestinian state into ghettoes and bantustans.
Mental healthcare provision in the Eastern Cape Province is inextricably entwined with the province's colonial past and, in later years, by the introduction of the policy of apartheid and the Bantustans. These laid the foundation for an inequitable distribution of mental health services in the province.
Through such cooperation measures, South Africa tried to draw the military and police infrastructures of the Bantustans into its own control infrastructures, but in the end the creation of the homelands weakened South Africa's own position.
Doesn't the whole of the country now virtually stand completely fragmented into Bantustans, with a multiplicity of militant militias, private armies, thuggish gangs and warring tribes ruling the roost in their respective fiefdoms jealously?
Furthermore, Palestinians know, that there is no future in the further dismemberment of their land into two captive Bantustans, one in the West Bank and the other in Gaza.