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in 20th-century South African history, territory that was set aside under apartheidapartheid
[Afrik.,=apartness], system of racial segregation peculiar to the Republic of South Africa, the legal basis of which was largely repealed in 1991–92. History
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 for black South Africans and slated for eventual independence. Ten bantustans (later generally referred to as homelands), covering 14% of the country's land, were created from the former "native reserves." Four were proclaimed independent—TranskeiTranskei
, former black "homeland" and nominal republic, E South Africa, in what is now Eastern Cape prov. Transkei was bounded by the Great Kei River on the south, by the Indian Ocean on the east, by Natal (now Kwazulu-Natal) on the north, and by Lesotho on the northwest.
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 (1976), BophuthatswanaBophuthatswana
, former black "homeland" and nominal republic, c.17,000 sq mi (44,000 sq km), N South Africa. Bophuthatswana comprised seven separate areas, one along the Botswana border, the remainder enclaves within N and central South Africa.
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 (1977), VendaVenda
, former black "homeland" and nominal republic, NE South Africa. It comprised two connected areas near the Zimbabwe border in what is now Limpopo prov. Kruger National Park bordered on its northeast, and the former homeland of Gazankulu bordered on the southeast.
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 (1979), and CiskeiCiskei
, former black "homeland" and nominal republic, SE South Africa, in what is now Eastern Cape prov. Surrounded by the former Cape Province of South Africa, it consisted of two parcels of land, the larger one bordering the Indian Ocean to the southeast.
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 (1981)—but no foreign government recognized them as independent nations. Citizens of independent homelands lost the limited rights they had as South Africans. Under the South African constitution that was approved in 1993 and ended white rule, South African citizenship was restored to homeland residents, and the homelands were abolished.


(formerly, in South Africa) an area reserved for occupation by a Black African people, with limited self-government; abolished in 1993
References in periodicals archive ?
Kgosi Lebone's opposition to the Bantustans brought him into conflict with Lucas Mangope, who detained the Bafokeng king and harassed him until he was forced to flee to neighbouring Botswana.
The Palestinians did not sacrifice and suffer so greatly over the past century so that we could live as humiliated slaves in ghettoes and bantustans controlled by a system of apartheid and racial discrimination.
History and geography played a pivotal role in shaping the Eastern Cape first into Bantustans and later the Eastern Cape Province in a democratic South Africa (SA) (Figs.
Development, literally planned our futures in the Bantustans.
com/blogs/thebrief/2013/12/06/nelson-mandela-95/) Nepali News Portal : "We Nepalis would do well to remember how Mandela opposed the apartheid-era proposals for creating ethnic-based Bantustans, preferring instead the multi-ethnic, multi-cultural rainbow federation of a prosperous South Africa.
The best way to deal with the conflict is to end the Israeli occupation, allowing Palestinians to have a true state -- not just clusters of Bantustans -- within the 1967 borders, and give full citizenship to Palestinians who live in Israel.
Therefore, it became apparently clear that whatever one did in the context of the Bantustans, it was likely to be exploited for self-aggrandisement, by the White world.
Bantustans were tribal states set up by South Africa's white minority government during the 1970s as pseudo national homelands for the country's black majority in the hope of staving off the collapse of the apartheid system.
We visited the Bantustans, the puppet black 'states' within South Africa, set up by apartheid to pretend the country's blacks were not South African, but citizens of Ciskei, Transkei and other Orwellian deceptions.
Add, as well, the Israeli left, which analogizes a hypothetical Palestinian state to the Bantustans of apartheid South Africa.
That was more than two months ago and, despite the warm talk of "reconciliation" the factions remain divided, unable to agree on absurdities such as who will "govern" Palestinian bantustans conveniently known as "Area A".
Our state would be little more than disconnected Bantustans.