Banja Luka (bänˈyä lo͞oˈkä), city in NE Bosnia and Herzegovina, on the Vrbas River. The capital of Bosnia's semiautonomous Serb region, it is a government and financial center with food processing and the manufacture of machinery, paper, and appliances. Banja Luka was captured by the Turks in 1528 and was (1583–1638) the seat of the pashas of Bosnia. Later (1878–1918) a part of Austria-Hungary, it passed to Yugoslavia after World War I. Bosnia and Herzegovina splintered along ethnic lines in 1992 and erupted in civil war, Banja Luka fell under Serb control and much of the minority population was driven out. The city has Roman ruins and the 16th-century Ferhat Pasha Mosque (rebuilt after being razed in 1993 by Bosnian Serb forces); the Arnaudija Mosque (1594) was also razed.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
a city in Yugoslavia, in the Republic of Bosnia-Hercegovina. Population, 60,000 (1967). Situated on the Vrbas River. There is metalworking and machine building, as well as timber-processing, tobacco, and food industry. Hot sulfur springs are located near the city. In October 1969 the city was damaged by a severe earthquake.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
a city in NW Bosnia-Herzegovina, on the Vrbas River: scene of battles between the Austrians and Turks in 1527, 1688, and 1737; besieged by Serb forces (1992--95). Pop.: 182 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005