Bao Dai(bou dī), 1913–97, emperor of Annam (1926–45) and chief of state of Vietnam (1949–55). Born Prince Nguyen Vinh Thuy, he was the son of Emperor Khai Din and succeeded to the throne in 1926, but did not occupy it until 1932. Bao Dai cooperated with both the Vichy French and Japanese during World War II, but in 1945 the Viet Minh nationalists under HoHo Chi Minh
, 1890–1969, Vietnamese nationalist leader, president of North Vietnam (1954–69), and one of the most influential political leaders of the 20th cent. His given name was Nguyen That Thanh. In 1911 he left Vietnam, working aboard a French liner.
..... Click the link for more information. Chi Minh forced his resignation. The emperor returned in 1949 as head of the new state of Vietnam, which included Annam plus Tonkin and Cochin China. After Vietnam's partition (1954) he accepted Ngo Dinh DiemDiem, Ngo Dinh
, 1901–63, president of South Vietnam (1955–63). A member of an influential Roman Catholic family, he was a civil servant before World War II and was connected with the nationalists during the war.
..... Click the link for more information. as prime minister. In 1955 Diem engineered a referendum that abolished the monarchy and assumed control. Bao Dai subsequently lived in exile, primarily in France.
Born Oct. 22,1913. Emperor of Annam from 1926 to 1945.
Bao Dai abdicated during the August revolution of 1945 in Vietnam. For several months in 1945 and 1946 he was an adviser to the government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. In the spring of 1946 he fled to Hong Kong; in March 1949 he signed an agreement with France that resulted in the creation of a puppet state on the French-occupied territory of Vietnam, headed by Bao Dai. As a result of a “referendum” in South Vietnam on Oct. 23, 1955, Bao Dai was removed as head of the “state of Vietnam.” Since April 1954 he has lived in France.