Bar Kochba

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Bar Kochba

, Bar Kokhba, Bar Kosba
Simeon. died 135 ad. Jewish leader who led an unsuccessful revolt against the Romans in Palestine

Bar Kochba

 

(ancient Hebrew, “son of a star”), the honorary surname of Simon, military leader of the anti-Roman insurrection of 132–135 in Judea.

A revolt was sparked by Roman interference in the ritual affairs of the Judeans and by the attempt of the Roman emperor Hadrian to build a Roman colony, Aelia Capitolina, with a shrine to Jupiter, on the site of Jerusalem, which had been destroyed by the Romans in the year 70. The ideological leader of the movement was the rabbi Akiba; Bar Kochba was the military organizer. In the course of the revolt, the rebels took 50 fortifications. The city of Bethar became the center of the movement. The rebellion was crushed by the Roman commander Julius Severus. Judea was made part of the province of Syria. Bar Kochba died in the defense of besieged Bethar.

Excavations made in 1952 in the Dead Sea region resulted in the discovery, in a cave of Murabbaat, of a letter written by Bar Kochba during the insurrection of 132–135 to the commander Yeshua ben Galgoula, ordering him not to harm the Christians.

REFERENCES

Livshits. G. M. Klassovaia bor’ba v ludee i vosstaniia protiv Rima. Minsk, 1957.
Bokshchanin, A. G. “Iudeiskie vosstaniia 2 v. n. e.” Uchenye zapiski MGU, 1950, issue 143, pp. 43–85.

D. G. REDER

References in periodicals archive ?
For example, the first translation of the Bible into Greek is described as an act that Israel "suffered" from "even as from the day of the golden calf," (57); Bar Kokhba is given the title of Ben Kuziba (58); and the period of Shabbatai Zvi's is presented as one of "wild confusion of mystical ardor," and his messianic stand as fraudulent.
The Talmud consequently refers to Bar Kokhba as Bar Koziva, signifying "false messiah" (lit.
Not all Jews were removed from Judea, and in fact the Judeans fairly quickly reestablished themselves in Judea and carried out a second major rebellion against the Romans, the Bar Kokhba Revolt, in 132-135 CE.
34-45), comeca por colocar em paralelo cristianismo e judaismo e traca a historia das relacoes entre as duas religioes ate a ruptura, que se teria consumado em 135, aquando da sufocacao da revolta de Bar Kokhba.
In the 1950's, Bedouin discovered within the caves letters inscribed on leather, various papyri, and artifacts including arrows and textiles dating from the second-century independent Jewish State established by Bar Kokhba.
Meet four of the many Jews who have claimed--or whose followers have claimed--that they are the Messiah: Jesus, Bar Kokhba, Shabbtai Tzvi and the Chabad Rebbe Menachem Mendel Schneerson.
It seems that the bathhouse was used by these soldiers who were garrisoned there after suppressing the Bar Kokhba uprising in 135 CE (A.
The second revolt began in about 133 and is called the Bar Kokhba rebellion.
upon the defeat of the Bar Kokhba revolt (132-135 CE) and with the spread of early Christianity" (Times Literary Supplement [October 9, 2009]: 15).
If you've already visited, come back to see scroll fragments from Deuteronomy, Isaiah, Isaiah Commentary, War Scroll, Communal Ceremony, Papyrus Bar Kokhba 46, Minor Prophets in Greek, and a new Psalms fragment.
if the author refers to the year Jerusalem's Second Temple was destroyed, or the year 139 if he means the destruction of the rural settlements of Judah at the end of the Bar Kokhba revolt, it said.
However, it is the slyness of names, the shrewdness of metaphors that allows Sharon to be the heir of Samson; Binyamin Ben-Eliezer to be the heir of Elazar ben Yair; and the "never failed to fail" president of Israel Shimon Peres to be the heir of Simon Bar Kokhba "the Simon of lies" not "the son of the star.