Bar Kochba

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Bar Kochba

, Bar Kokhba, Bar Kosba
Simeon. died 135 ad. Jewish leader who led an unsuccessful revolt against the Romans in Palestine
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bar Kochba

 

(ancient Hebrew, “son of a star”), the honorary surname of Simon, military leader of the anti-Roman insurrection of 132–135 in Judea.

A revolt was sparked by Roman interference in the ritual affairs of the Judeans and by the attempt of the Roman emperor Hadrian to build a Roman colony, Aelia Capitolina, with a shrine to Jupiter, on the site of Jerusalem, which had been destroyed by the Romans in the year 70. The ideological leader of the movement was the rabbi Akiba; Bar Kochba was the military organizer. In the course of the revolt, the rebels took 50 fortifications. The city of Bethar became the center of the movement. The rebellion was crushed by the Roman commander Julius Severus. Judea was made part of the province of Syria. Bar Kochba died in the defense of besieged Bethar.

Excavations made in 1952 in the Dead Sea region resulted in the discovery, in a cave of Murabbaat, of a letter written by Bar Kochba during the insurrection of 132–135 to the commander Yeshua ben Galgoula, ordering him not to harm the Christians.

REFERENCES

Livshits. G. M. Klassovaia bor’ba v ludee i vosstaniia protiv Rima. Minsk, 1957.
Bokshchanin, A. G. “Iudeiskie vosstaniia 2 v. n. e.” Uchenye zapiski MGU, 1950, issue 143, pp. 43–85.

D. G. REDER

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
For example, the first translation of the Bible into Greek is described as an act that Israel "suffered" from "even as from the day of the golden calf," (57); Bar Kokhba is given the title of Ben Kuziba (58); and the period of Shabbatai Zvi's is presented as one of "wild confusion of mystical ardor," and his messianic stand as fraudulent.
(8.) The Talmud consequently refers to Bar Kokhba as Bar Koziva, signifying "false messiah" (lit.
Not all Jews were removed from Judea, and in fact the Judeans fairly quickly reestablished themselves in Judea and carried out a second major rebellion against the Romans, the Bar Kokhba Revolt, in 132-135 CE.
Some 1,875 years ago, Bar Kokhba's Judean soldiers used the cave as a hideout during the savage second war for liberation (132-136 CE) from the Romans.
* Meet four of the many Jews who have claimed--or whose followers have claimed--that they are the Messiah: Jesus, Bar Kokhba, Shabbtai Tzvi and the Chabad Rebbe Menachem Mendel Schneerson.
Jewish identity and politics between the Maccabees and Bar Kokhba; groups, normativity, and rituals.
"It seems that the bathhouse was used by these soldiers who were garrisoned there after suppressing the Bar Kokhba uprising in 135 CE (A.D.), when the pagan city Aelia Capitolina was established," Sion added.
The second revolt began in about 133 and is called the Bar Kokhba rebellion.
upon the defeat of the Bar Kokhba revolt (132-135 CE) and with the spread of early Christianity" (Times Literary Supplement [October 9, 2009]: 15).
If you've already visited, come back to see scroll fragments from Deuteronomy, Isaiah, Isaiah Commentary, War Scroll, Communal Ceremony, Papyrus Bar Kokhba 46, Minor Prophets in Greek, and a new Psalms fragment.
if the author refers to the year Jerusalem's Second Temple was destroyed, or the year 139 if he means the destruction of the rural settlements of Judah at the end of the Bar Kokhba revolt, it said.