Baranovskii, Stepan

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Baranovskii, Stepan Ivanovich


Born Dec. 23, 1817, in the village of Kapustino, Myshkin District Yaroslavl Province; died 1890. Russian inventor, scholar, and social figure.

Baranovskii’s basic works are dedicated to various branches of mechanics, geometry, geography, statistics, linguistics, history of literature, medicine, and others. He constructed a multistage compressor joined with a receptacle made of tubes, called a blower, which was first mounted on a diesel shunting locomotive of his own construction (1862). He also constructed, together with his son V. S. Baranov-skii, a submarine and other inventions. He was the author of a series of designs for a Middle Asian railroad and was one of the initiators of the construction of the Siberian railroad.


Geograficheskii atlas drevnego mira. St. Petersburg, 1843.
“Dukhovaia sila kak dvizhitel’.” Morskoi sbornik, 1859, no. 4.
Indovolzhskaia zheleznaia doroga. St. Petersburg, 1874.
Ideografiia: Obshchii iazyk dlia vsekh narodov. Kharkov, 1884.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.