Barbara McClintock

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McClintock, Barbara,

1902–92, American geneticist. She discovered that certain genetic material, "transposable elements" or "jumping genes" (now called transposons), shifted its location in the chromosomes from generation to generation. At first ignored, her research was later recognized as a major contribution to DNA research. In 1983 she was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
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McClintock, Barbara

(1902–92) geneticist; born in Hartford, Conn. She joined Cornell (1927–36), then served the National Research Council (1931–33) and the Guggenheim Foundation (1933–34). She joined the University of Missouri (1935–41), then became a staff member of the Carnegie Institution's laboratory in Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y. (1942–67), where she remained after her retirement. A solitary person, she devoted her life to the genetics of maize. Her discoveries in the 1940s and 1950s, that genes can control the behavior of other genes and can transpose themselves ("jump") on the chromosome, were belatedly recognized in her 1983 award of the Nobel Prize in physiology.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory's Barbara McClintock landed a Nobel Prize for genetics research in 1983, bringing global recognition to the region's science community.
Plenty, as this story about recycling reveals in a fine retelling spiced with Barbara McClintock's inviting illustrations.
The gold medal in the Younger Reader category went to Jim Aylsworth and Barbara McClintock, author and illustrator of My Grandfather's Coat.
She reviews the evolutionary, psychoanalytic, and developmental theories of pretend play and creativity and the cognitive and affective processes involved (with transcripts of children's play for illustration), and presents case studies of adults like Steve Jobs, Barbara McClintock, Temple Grandin, Bob Dylan, Stanley Kunitz, and Frida Kahlo that look at the processes involved in science, technology, and the arts.
Transposons were discovered in the 1940s by Barbara McClintock, who was rewarded in 1983 with the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.
Barbara McClintock, the 1983 Nobel laureate in Physiology or Medicine, was an American scientist and one of the world's most distinguished cytogeneticists.
"Transposable elements are found in all organisms, but were discovered in maize by Nobel Prize winner Barbara McClintock more than 60 years ago," said Rob Martienssen of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory.
9) reports that "The [maize] genome project discovered some new families of transposons, revealing a total of 1,300 such families in maize." When I read those words, I couldn't help but sense the specter of Barbara McClintock floating between the lines of the story and behind the work of the multi-institution genome project.
Barbara McClintock's intricate pen-and-ink watercolor drawings are ideally suited to the early 20th century setting of this tale: about a train journey two siblings from France make across America during a visit to their aunt.
"Adele & Simon in America," story and illustrations by Barbara McClintock; Farrar, Straus & Giroux, $16.95, 40 pages, ages 4 to 8.