Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Barbarea: Barbarea verna
Enlarge picture
winter cress

winter cress

Very similar to common field mustard with yellow flowers, mustard seeds pods and broccoli-like bud pods.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(wintercress), a genus of biennial and perennial herbs of the family Cruciferae. The lower leaves are mostly ly-rate, and the upper ones are entire and amplexicaul. The flowers are yellow and have nectar glandules. The fruit is a linear fourangled pod.

There are about 20 species, distributed in the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere. Of the nine species found in the USSR, the most common are B. vulgaris and B. arcuata. Both species are common weeds of fields, gardens, and orchards; they also occur in meadows and pastures and along roads and bodies of water. As many as 10,000 seeds are produced by a single plant. The seeds are poisonous to domestic animals, including poultry. Poisoning occurs when the animals are fed grain by-products contaminated with wintercress seeds. Both B. vulgaris and B. arcuata yield a substantial amount of nectar; their young leaves are used in salad. The species B. verna is cultivated in Western Europe as a salad plant.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Mihulka, "Compensation of seed production after severe injury in the short-lived herb Barbarea vulgaris," Basic and Applied Ecology, vol.
Gypsicolus 9 Thlaspi watsonii EN A1, A2 10 Barbarea lutea EN A1,A2 11 Arenaria davisii EN A1, A2 Table 2: The status of bird species which have been identified in Delta of Bendimahi between 2006-07 and their settlement types Protection G Y KZ TG RT Non-clear Total Category A.1.2 4 2 -- 1 -- -- 7 A.2 8 12 6 2 1 -- 29 A.3 16 10 6 2 -- -- 34 A.4 14 9 1 2 -- -- 26 B.1-3 6 1 6 4 1 -- 18 Without Status 33 32 2 3 -- 2 73 Total 81 66 21 14 2 2 187 A.1.2: Species which are at risk of extinction, A.2: Species that requires urgent protection.
Responsiveness of intact and scarified seeds of Barbarea vulgaris to gibberellic acid and changes in phytochrome.
Exotic herbaceous plants common to abundant in this field include Alliaria petiolata, Allium vineale, Artemisia vulgaris, Barbarea vulgaris, Brassica nigra, Cirsium arvense, C.
Root acid phosphatase activities of Raphanis raphanistrum and Barbarea vulgaris growing in old-field successional plots.
Herbaceous plants dominating the fields include Achillea millefolium, Ambrosia spp., Barbarea vulgaris, Cichorium intybus, Daucus carota, Draba verna, Erigeron annuus, Leucanthemum vulgare, Oenothera biennis, Pastinaca sativa, Penstemon digitalis, Solidago spp., including Solidago nemoralis, Stellaria media, Symphyotrichum lanceolatum, S.
Barbarea vulgaris Aiton f.; Yellow Rocket; Fields and creek banks; Frequent; (* #); C = 0; BSUH 11834.
Fields recently released from row crops are dominated by plants of early succession, including Abutilon theophrasti, Arnaranthus retrofiexus, Barbarea vulgaris, Brassica nigra, Bromus commutatus, Datura stramonium, Erigeron annuus, Hibiscus trionum, Lactuc a serriola, Panicum capillare, Physalis longifolia var.
Frequent to abundant spring to summer herbaceous species in Wesley Wet Area include Agrimonia parviflora, Antennaria plantaginifolia, Barbarea vulgaris, Chrysanthemum leucanthemum, Daucus carota, Fragaria virginiana, Geum laciniata, Prunella vulgaris, Trifolium hybridum, and T.