Barbarians


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Barbarians

 

(Greek barbaroi, Latin barbari), an onomatopoeic word used by the ancient Greeks and later by the Romans to designate all strangers who spoke in languages incomprehensible to them and who were alien to their culture. At the beginning of the Common Era, the name “barbarians” was applied with particular frequency to the Germanic peoples. (In modern history, the invasions by Germanic and other tribes during the first centuries A.D. have come to be called the barbarian conquests; the kingdoms founded by the barbarians on the territory of the Roman Empire are known as the barbarian kingdoms, and the written record of the common law of the Germanic tribes is known as barbarian law.) The barbarian conquests played a major role in the elimination of the slave-owning system and in the formation of feudal relations in the Roman Empire.

In the figurative sense, the term “barbarians” designates ignorant, crude, cruel people, destroyers of cultural values.

References in classic literature ?
"Should you take that thing you call 'razor,'" she said, "and cut the hair from the face of Thirty-six, and exchange garments with him, you would be the barbarian and Thirty-six the civilized man.
And therefore when Hellenes fight with barbarians and barbarians with Hellenes, they will be described by us as being at war when they fight, and by nature enemies, and this kind of antagonism should be called war; but when Hellenes fight with one another we shall say that Hellas is then in a state of disorder and discord, they being by nature friends and such enmity is to be called discord.
I agree, he said, that our citizens should thus deal with their Hellenic enemies; and with barbarians as the Hellenes now deal with one another.
But early in the fifth century the Romans, hard-pressed even in Italy by other barbarian invaders, withdrew all their troops and completely abandoned Britain.
Rather, there is stern satisfaction in the performance of the warrior's and the sea-king's task, the determination of a strong-willed race to assert itself, and do, with much barbarian boasting, what its hand finds to do in the midst of a difficult life and a hostile nature.
In which thirteen African Lions and twenty-two Barbarian Prisoners will war with each other until all are exterminated.
RUGBY UNION England 32 Barbarians 38 MANAGER Martin Johnson was left frowning in the Twickenham stands as he watched a shadow England team blow a 17-point lead against the Barbarians, who travel to face Wales in Cardiff next Saturday.
JAMIE ROBERTS hopes his role in the Barbarians' second ever victory over New Zealand will help his Dad come to terms with missing a match billed as the greatest of all time.
BARBARIANS 25 NEW ZEALAND 18 BRYAN Habana described R his hat-trick of tries against New Zealand as a cherished moment of his career.
In the first chapter, Goffart challenges the conventional understandings of the "Migration Age" (Volkerwanderungzeit), concluding that migration was not an inherent characteristic of the barbarians of late antiquity.
Man-of-the-match Seilala Mapusua and wing Gareth Thomas scored tries for the Barbarians - Andy Gomarsall and Glen Jackson kicked conversions - but there was precious little to enthuse red rose supporters.
ENGLAND boss Eddie Jones will coach the Barbarians against Fiji at Twickenham in November.