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Barbarossa (bärˌbərŏsˈə) [Ital.,=red-beard], surname of the Turkish corsair Khayr ad-Din (c.1483–1546). Barbarossa and his brother Aruj, having seized (1518) Algiers from the Spanish, placed Algeria under Turkish suzerainty. He extended his conquests to the rest of the Barbary States. Between 1533 and 1544, as admiral of the Turkish fleet under Sulayman I, he twice defeated Andrea Doria and ravaged the coasts of Greece, Spain, and Italy. His able son Hasan (d. 1572) succeeded him in Algeria.
See biography by E. D. S. Bradford (1969).
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disastrous invasion of Russia; sealed Nazi fate (1941–1943). [Eur. Hist.: Hitler, 888–921, 922–955]
See: Turning Point
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
1. the nickname of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I
2. real name Khair ed-Din. c 1465--1546, Turkish pirate and admiral: conquered Tunis for the Ottomans (1534)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005