Barbarossa


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Barbarossa

(bär'bərŏs`ə) [Ital.,=red-beard], surname of the Turkish corsair Khayr ad-Din (c.1483–1546). Barbarossa and his brother Aruj, having seized (1518) Algiers from the Spanish, placed Algeria under Turkish suzerainty. He extended his conquests to the rest of the Barbary States. Between 1533 and 1544, as admiral of the Turkish fleet under Sulayman ISulayman I
or Sulayman the Magnificent,
1494–1566, Ottoman sultan (1520–66), son and successor of Selim I. He is known as Sulayman II when considered as a successor of King Solomon of the Bible and Qur'an.
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, he twice defeated Andrea DoriaDoria, Andrea
, b. 1466 or 1468, d. 1560, Italian admiral and statesman, of an ancient family prominent in the history of Genoa. He started his career as a condottiere and in the Italian Wars fought for Francis I of France.
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 and ravaged the coasts of Greece, Spain, and Italy. His able son Hasan (d. 1572) succeeded him in Algeria.

Bibliography

See biography by E. D. S. Bradford (1969).

Barbarossa

disastrous invasion of Russia; sealed Nazi fate (1941–1943). [Eur. Hist.: Hitler, 888–921, 922–955]

Barbarossa

1. the nickname of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I
2. real name Khair ed-Din. c 1465--1546, Turkish pirate and admiral: conquered Tunis for the Ottomans (1534)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Republic of Cyprus that Turkey ignores is not only a member of the EU but also answered the bullying of the Barbarossa vessel and two accompanying vessels in Cypriot territorial waters by suspending bilateral negotiations until the vessels were gone and vetoing Turkey's membership talks with the EU.
Joining the expanding Stuka force--initially as a member of what was planned to be the Luftwaffe's air group for the Kriegsmarine's aircraft carrier Graf Zeppelin--Mahlke was a squadron commander during the French campaign and a group commander during the Battle of Britain, Mediterranean operations, and Barbarossa.
Barbarossa and Gorman performed on The Ants' debut album Dirk Wears White Sox and they will be playing songs from it on a nationwide tour next month which is due to arrive at the O2 Academy in Newcastle on April 4.
Barbarossa and Gorman performed on The Ants' debut album Dirk Wears White Sox and they will be playing the release in its entirety at a performance at London's Hammersmith Apollo on April 19, as well as songs from it at other gigs on a tour next month which includes Cardiff University on April 7.
As the Wehrmacht prepared to attack Russia in 1941, it entered Yugoslavia first; then, operating under Operation Barbarossa, its use of ideological killing made a bloody conquest of a vast strip of land, extending from the Baltic Sea in the north, via Belorussia, to the southeastern Ukraine, with more to follow in the spring and summer of 1942.
Another story surfaced about a silver arm that was made for Admiral Barbarossa (1478 -1546), an Ottoman admiral who dominated the Mediterranean for decades, and fought the Spaniards in Bougie, Algeria, for a Turkish sultan.
It was built in 1940 and 1941 to protect Hitler and other top Nazi officials from air bombardment during Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union.
As well as three million German troops another million from pro-Axis countries including Finland, Rumania and Hungary were ready for Operation Barbarossa, an apparently irresistible force with 3,350 tanks, 7,000 field guns and more than 2,000 aircraft.
The Third Crusade is often discussed only in terms of Richard the Lionheart; but Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa was just as important.
Or try Barbarossa, a laid-back Moroccan bar with its superb roof terrace.
But in several respects, Barbarossa stands on its own.
Our Russian Front: Hitler launched Operation Barbarossa in June 1941, intending to invade and conquer the USSR and unite German and Japanese forces against the Allies.