Barbary ape

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Barbary ape:

see macaquemacaque
, name for Old World monkeys of the genus Macaca, related to mangabeys, mandrills, and baboons. All but one of the 19 species are found in Asia from Afghanistan to Japan, the Philippines, and Borneo.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Barbary Ape


(Macaca sylvana) or tailless macaque, a monkey of the subfamily Catarrhina. The body is covered with dense reddish yellow fur. The Barbary ape is distributed in northwestern Africa (Morocco, Algeria, and Tunis); it is found in Europe only on the Rock of Gibraltar, where there are ten to 15 monkeys (under state protection). The Barbary ape inhabits mountainous regions, sometimes forming large bands. It readily tolerates cold of — 10°C and lower. It feeds on fruits, edible roots, grains, buds, shoots, coniferous seeds, and insects (locusts, beetles, butterflies). Barbary apes are frequently kept in zoos.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
None of the remaining 10 Barbary apes had serologic reactions.
Dromio of Ephesus, who has similarly been deprived of or denied his psychological personhood despite retaining his hominid shape, is so delighted to see his twin that he exclaims: "Methinks you are my glass, and not my brother." (25) In other words, looking at you is like looking in a mirror; but, more importantly, looking at you I see my "self," I become self-aware: whereas monkeys (including Barbary apes) perceive their reflection as some kind of conspecific, Dromios perceive their conspecifics as some kind of mirror reflection.
This association only strengthened with the arrival of Barbary apes in Europe during the middle of the thirteenth century (in Gibraltar) and of other species of monkeys and apes in the sixteenth century.
There are some 230 so-called Barbary apes on the Rock of Gibraltar and they are Europe's only primates.
At that time, ( Prince Charles was just 5 years old, and he was allowed to feed the rock's famous Barbary apes without the supervision of the Queen and Prince Philip.
Gibraltar has a proud military history, some fascinating attractions and, of course, the rather thuggish Barbary apes but for us, having become acclimatised to mainland Europe over the past eight months, with their struggle with English and reliance on the Euro, it was unnerving to be jolted straight back home, to warm beer, pounds sterling, monochrome road signs, traditional traffic lights and, most reassuringly, in Morrisons' loos, Armitage Shanks.
Legend has it that the British will keep the Rock as long as the Barbary Apes remain.
And be careful when you sip - or the light-fingered Barbary apes will steal it.
Historian James Hayward writes: "Arthur Owens was more trouble than a barrel of Barbary apes. He endeared himself to no one in the Service, a string of sceptical handlers noting a penchant for expensive motors, cheap women and flights of wild fancy that would shame Walter Mitty."