Guercino(redirected from Barbieri, Giovanni Francesco)
See D. Mahon, Studies in Seicento Art and Theory (1947); J. Brooks, Guercino: Mind to Paper (2006); S. Prasad, Guercino: Stylistic Evolution in Focus (2006).
(pseudonym of Giovanni Francesco Barbieri). Baptized Feb. 8, 1591, in Cento, Emilia-Romagna Province; died Dec. 22, 1666, in Bologna. Italian painter of the Bologna school.
Guercino studied in Cento and was influenced by L. Car-racci, Caravaggio, the Venetian artists, and G. Reni. He worked primarily in Cento and Bologna, but also in Venice (1618), Ferrara (1619), Rome (1621-23), Piacenza (1626-27), and Modena (1633-34). From 1642 he headed the Bologna Academy. In his best works, painted during 1610-20 (frescoes in the Casino Ludovisi, Rome, 1621; The Burial of St. Petronilla, 1621, the Capitoline Museum, Rome; The Ascension of the Madonna, 1623, the Hermitage, Leningrad), Guercino sought to combine a lifelike quality, dramatic emotional images, compositional dynamism, and sharp contrasts of light and shade with the splendid decorative manner of Carracci and with baroque effects. Guercino unequivocally adopted the academic style in the late 1620’s.
REFERENCESGrimaldi, N. II Guercino. Bologna, 1968.
II Guercino: Catalogo critico dei dipinti. Bologna, 1968.