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island (2011 pop. 1,638), 62 sq mi (161 sq km), a dependency of Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and Barbuda
, independent Commonwealth nation (2015 est. pop. 100,000), 171 sq mi (442 sq km), West Indies, in the Leeward Islands. It consists of the island of Antigua (108 sq mi/280 sq km) and two smaller islands, the more sparsely populated Barbuda (62 sq mi/161 sq
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). Located in the central Leeward Islands, Barbuda lies 25 mi (40 km) N of Antigua. A flat coral island 15 mi (24 km) long and up to 8 mi (13 km) wide, it is dominated by a large lagoon on the northwest. Codrington is the main settlement. Most inhabitants are of African descent and practice Protestantism but are culturally distinct from Antiguans, and as a result some have pressed for independence from the larger, more populous island. Tourism is the most important industry; there also is subsistence farming and agricultural processing.

Inhabited by Caribs and Arawaks, Barbuda was visited by Columbus (1493); Spain and France established settlements before it was colonized by England from Antigua in 1678. The Codrington family held rights to the island from 1685 to the late 19th cent., when it reverted to the British crown, eventually becoming a dependency of Antigua. Under a 19th cent. practice legally codified in 2007, all land on Barbuda has been owned communally. The island suffered extensive damage from Hurricane Luis in 1995, and was devastated by Irma and temporarily evacuated in 2017; most Barbudans are still in shelters on Antigua. A law revoking communal land ownership was enacted in 2018, ostensibly to protect development and help restore the island, but many Barbudans regarded it as a land grab and challenged its legality.

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a coral island in the E Caribbean, in the Leeward Islands: part of the independent state of Antigua and Barbuda. Area: 160 sq. km (62 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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Meanwhile, the Antigua and Barbuda government said it stand 'firm on the offer to purchase, and awaits the next step by Scotiabank Canada'.
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With such catastrophic devastation on Barbuda, some residents considered not returning to the island at all, NBC News reported.
According to Sanders, Barbuda generates annual revenues of about USD 1 billion, but he thinks they will not be able to recover the island.
The island of Barbuda was devastated by Hurricane Irma, with "90 per cent" of all buildings destroyed.
The deadly hurricane has tragically claimed a number of lives and left a trail of destruction across the Caribbean island of Barbuda.
The category five hurricane - the highest level - has claimed a number of lives and left a trail of destruction across the Caribbean island of Barbuda.