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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(barbels), a genus of fishes of the family Cyprinidae. Members of the genus have two pairs of barbels. The dorsal fin has a denticulated, sometimes smooth, spine.

Barbus are distributed in the continental waters of Africa, Europe, and Asia. The USSR has nine species, which are found in the basins of the Sea of Azov and the Black, Caspian, Baltic, and Aral seas. Barbus are divided into river species, such as the true barbel (B. barbus) and the Crimean barbel (B. tauricus), lake species, such as the Gokcha barbel (B. goktschaicus), and migratory species, such as the Aral barbel (B. brachycephalus) and Bulatmai barbel (B. capito).

The species of greatest commercial value is the Aral barbel, which lives in the Aral Sea. The Aral barbel is up to 120 cm long and weighs more than 20 kg. It feeds on bivalve mollusks. For spawning it enters rivers and swims several hundred kilometers upstream. It spawns from May through July. Fecundity is about 200,000 eggs. The majority of the fry descend to the sea the same year or the following year. In order to preserve the species, the Aral barbel is raised on fish farms.


Nikol’skii, G. V. Chastnaia ikhtiologiia, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1971.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Moreover, meristic characters of two subspecies of Barbus were found out in this paper (Table 3).
Maras) yasayan Barbus rajanorum ve Capoeta barroisi turlerinin bazi biyolojik ozelliklerinin incelenmesi.
El mismo comportamiento fue observado en Barbus sclateri, (Encina y Granado-Lorencio 1997), Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum, Poeciliopsis gracilis y Poecilia sphenops (Trujillo-Jimenez 1998a).
Key Words: Barbus lacerta, Dactylogyrus goktschaicus, Dogielius mokhayeri, Bothriocephalus acheilognathi, Caryophylleous laticeps, Rhabdochona denudata, Lemproglena pulchella, Ergasilus sieboldi
[7.] de Graaf M (2003) Lake Tana's piscivorous barbus (Cyprinidae) Ethiopia: Ecology; Evolution; Exploitation.
Changes in non-specific biomarkers in the Mediterranean barbell (Barbus meridionalis) exposed to sewage effluents in a Mediterranean stream (Catalonia, NE Spain).
Sa quete aboutit a une eglise, pas chez des barbus, mais chez un ecclesiastique !
Le capitaine Ahmad Chakri, porte-parole de la Coalition des officiers barbus a indique a la presse qu'environs 3000 officiers du ministere de l'Interieur ont decide de se joindre a la coalition et delaisser pousser leurs barbes.
The fish fauna of the reservoir includes Heterotis niloticus, Barbus callipterus, Clarias gariepinus, Tilapia zillii, Hemichromis fasciatus, Oreochromis niloticus, Sarotherodon galilaeus, Channa obscura and Alestes longipinnis (Ugwumba and Adebisi 1992).