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(barbels), a genus of fishes of the family Cyprinidae. Members of the genus have two pairs of barbels. The dorsal fin has a denticulated, sometimes smooth, spine.

Barbus are distributed in the continental waters of Africa, Europe, and Asia. The USSR has nine species, which are found in the basins of the Sea of Azov and the Black, Caspian, Baltic, and Aral seas. Barbus are divided into river species, such as the true barbel (B. barbus) and the Crimean barbel (B. tauricus), lake species, such as the Gokcha barbel (B. goktschaicus), and migratory species, such as the Aral barbel (B. brachycephalus) and Bulatmai barbel (B. capito).

The species of greatest commercial value is the Aral barbel, which lives in the Aral Sea. The Aral barbel is up to 120 cm long and weighs more than 20 kg. It feeds on bivalve mollusks. For spawning it enters rivers and swims several hundred kilometers upstream. It spawns from May through July. Fecundity is about 200,000 eggs. The majority of the fry descend to the sea the same year or the following year. In order to preserve the species, the Aral barbel is raised on fish farms.


Nikol’skii, G. V. Chastnaia ikhtiologiia, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1971.


References in periodicals archive ?
Barbus said that the safe had been broken into and that documents had been taken from office files.
The fauna includes a wide range of large and small bovids, for example, red hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus), eland (Taurotragus oryx) and springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis), and many small collectable creatures such as rock hyrax (Procavia capensis), freshwater mussels (Cafferia caffer) and fish; Barbus spp.
The spermatogenetic process in Barbus longiceps, Capoeta damascina and their natural sterile hybrid (Teleostei, Cyprinidae).
Les barbus m'ont dit: La femme est un etre vil Un etre infidele et servile Elle merite la repression L'excision et la frustration Le harem et la reclusion La polygamie et la prison Le voile et l'exclusion Le viol et le harcelement L'esclavage et l'exploitation Les sevices et l'alienation La flagellation et la lapidation
The recent IUCN classification of Italian vertebrates raised the risk status of the Barbus plebejus to vulnerable and of the Barbus meridionalis (sin.
A coups de barbus pieges, d'ayatollahs nucleaires, de foulards, de [beaucoup moins que]racaille[beaucoup plus grand que] ou de halal, on choque les petites tetes blondes.
La Haute Cour Administrative (HCA) a prononce un verdict stipulant d'annuler la decision du ministere de l'Interieur de priver les officiers barbus de leurs postes.
Other fish collected at the type locality were a juvenile Ctenopoma, an unidentified haplochromine, Barbus neefi Greenwood, and Lacustricola moeruensis Boulenger.
These are: Emys orbicularis, Mauremys leprosa, Barbus meridionalis and Unio elongatulus.