Bard College, at Annandale-on-Hudson, N.Y.; founded 1860 as St. Stephen's College for men; rechartered 1935 as Bard College; became coeducational in 1944; affiliated with Columbia Univ. 1928–44. A small, progressive college, Bard stresses independent study. It offers graduate degrees in cooperation with Columbia (engineering), the Univ. of Rochester (business), Syracuse (public administration), Hunter College and the Univ. of Pennsylvania (social work), Duke (forestry and environmental studies), Yale (public health), and Pratt (architecture).