Cada uno de los restantes trabajos examina algun aspecto particular del tema de la conversion, recorriendo el periodo patristico desde el siglo II al siglo VII en diversas areas culturales tanto de Oriente como de Occidente, a traves de una nutrida seleccion de autores: Justino de Roma, varios Padres Apologistas griegos (Aristides, Taciano el Sirio, Teofilo de Antioquia, Atenagoras), Origenes, cuatro Padres griegos (Basilio de Cesarea, Gregorio de Nacianzo, Cirilo de Alejandria y Maximo el Confesor), cuatro latinos (Hilario de Poitiers, Ambrosio de Milan, Jeronimo, Agustin) y algunos representantes del area siriaca (Mara Bar-Serapion, Bardaisan
o el Pseudo-Macario).
823), should also be at least nuanced, in light of Bardaisan
, Clement, the Apocalypse of Peter's Rainer Fragment, parts of the Sibylline Oracles, and arguably of the NT, especially Paul's letters.
There are, however, traces of earlier traditions in it, as for instance a comparison with Bardaisan
of Edessa ([dagger] A.
Esta vision era en buena parte era deudor del trabajo que Charles Mitchell habia realizado, durante los anos anteriores, sobre un palimpsesto que contenia las refutaciones de Mani, Marcion y Bardaisan
por parte de Efren (56), e influiria ademas en la obra del aleman Hans Heinrich Schaeder, quien presentaria al maniqueismo como un producto del helenismo mas que como una religion puramente oriental (57).
When 'Ammar says that "reasoned opinion may devise Good and Evil on the basis of what people observe of good and evil in the world," he means that reasoned opinion may devise the concept of Good and Evil principles or deities; in other words, it is not surprising that rational people should come up with dualistic religions--and, in a parallel passage in his other book, he mentions the teachings of Zoroaster, Mani, Bardaisan
, and Marcion.
Other excerpts are from theological currents of the second and third centuries, such as those found in Irenaeus, Origen, and the little-known Syrian philosopher Bardaisan
The main culture heroes of our period are Elchasai, Bardaisan
, and Marcion, but also Hermes.
of Edessa acquired a good deal of knowledge about Indian philosophy from a group of Indian ambassadors on their way to the court of Elagabalus;(20) while in the third century Plotinus is said to have embarked for India in the expedition of Gordian III in search of wisdom, though he had to abandon the journey: in this desire he was probably influenced by his teacher Ammonius Saccas, who may have been a Buddhist.
Despite their many differences, Origen, Bardaisan
, Gregory of Nyssa, Issac of Syria, and Eriugena all go into the blender and come out looking alike.
Lost Christianities should at least have mentioned in passing the encratite features of Tatian's Gospel harmony (the Diatessaron), the strange faith of Bardaisan
and his disciples, and in the fourth century the elitist views of the Liber Graduum and the struggles in Aphrahat and Ephrem for orthodoxy.
Though his article is, again, more a review of the state of scholarship than a new synthesis, Gignoux leads readers through the development of Nestorian thought on imago dei in the Syriac writings of Bardaisan
, Aphraates, Theodore of Mopsuestia, and Theodore bar Koni, among others.
The Doctrine of Addai, The Odes of Solomon, The Gospel of Thomas, The Acts of Judas Thomas, the writings of Tatian, Bardaisan
of Edessa, Didascalia Apostolorum, the writings of Ephrem, Aphrahat and Narsai are some of the important sources by which we may gain an understanding of the early Syrian (Asian) Christian tradition.