Speakers of Siang, a Barito language spoken in the upper Barito river
, are referred by downriver speakers as Punan, because of their association with upriver forest-dwellers.
The waters of the Barito River
, which winds through the region and would act as the access point to the company's coal, were too shallow for the company to access using conventional transportation methods.
The ABBR Coal Project is located in the Murah Teweh district of Central Kalimantan and is 12 kilometers east of the Barito River
, the main river coal transportation route for the area.
Delsmania (subgenus of Scleropages) Fowler, 1934: 243 (type species Osteoglossum formosum Muller & Schlegel 1844, type locality Borneo, Barito River
, by monotypy and original designation.
The BBM lease covers an area of 19,920 hectares, immediately adjacent to BHP Billiton's Juloi lease, straddling the Barito River
and has numerous outcrops of bright coal.
SDM is a contractor for PT Ambang Barito Persada (ABP), which has a dredging and operation rights over the Barito river
moth in South Kalimantan.
The Bentian consist of about 3,500 people who live in a relatively remote upriver area of East Kalimantan, dose to the border with Central Kalimantan, and the watershed separating the Mahakam and Barito river
Chong quickly invites me to head to Puruk Cahu, a town of some two thousand people about three hours away, across the Barito River
. "Go and relax," he suggests.
The Barito river
flows in a north-south direction in close proximity to the Agreement Area and provides navigable water access to the Java Sea.
Historical sources indicate that the Bakumpai have been significant players in Barito River
trade for centuries (see Knapen 2001; Schwaner in Sjamsuddin 1989:46), particularly after 1894, when the "Great Peace of Tumbang Anoi" curtailed traditional practices of warfare and headhunting, allowing traders to pass through the area more frequently.
The coal stockpile of PT Adaro in Kelani is located on the bank of the Barito river
, which is 18 meters deep and 400 meters wide.
When the Mahakam Kayan and Long-Gelat, arriving from the Apo Kayan Plateau in the north, started conquering the upper Mahakam region in the second half of the eighteenth century,(29) the local populations (the Pin, a set of groups related to the Ot Danum) scattered, mostly across to the Barito River
basin and downstream to the middle Mahakam area.(30) Some of these Pin, the Pin Bawan (and maybe others as well), fled across the Muller Mts.(31) around 1800 or 1810.