Barlaam and Josaphat


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Barlaam and Josaphat

(bär`läəm, jō`səfăt), legend popular in medieval times. It corresponds in part to the legend of Buddha. Versions of the story have been found in nearly every language. At the birth of Josaphat (or Joasaph), the son of the Indian king Abenner, it was prophesied that the young prince was destined for greatness not as a royal leader but as a holy man. The king did all that was possible to stop the prophecy from coming true, but the prince, through the teachings of the monk Barlaam, was converted to religion (according to Western legend, Christianity). After the death of Abenner, Josaphat abdicated the throne and lived out the remainder of his days with Barlaam, as a religious recluse.

Bibliography

See the standardized Greek text with translation by G. R. Woodward and H. Mattingly (1914).

References in periodicals archive ?
The first section focuses on Sakyamuni in South Asia and his early appearance in Christianity as Barlaam and Josaphat. Subsequent sections are geographical, covering South and Southeast Asia, East Asia, China, Korea, Japan, and the Tibetan cultural sphere.
After scholarly research into the origins of the story of Barlaam and Josaphat, Cordoni humanely acknowledges that it is in any case an anthropological constant, a pattern in father-son relationships (son's rebellion, estrangement, reconciliation) that repeats itself from generation to generation in all societies.
Azam's essay traces the long history of Barlaam and Josaphat in Russia, from the time of the first Romanovs to the abridged version authorised for the Orthodox Russian Church in 2003, pointing out en route Tolstoy's use of the story in his A Confession.
Barlaam and Josaphat above the portal of the Baptistry of Parma, Italy
20), some discussion of that work might have been expected; even Antonius Diogenes (98-99) and Barlaam and Josaphat (141-142) have excursuses dedicated to them.
Barlaam and Josaphat: A Christian Tale of the Buddha
They discuss the storied Buddha: the Indian tale, the Buddha becomes a prophet: the Arabic Bilawhar and Budhasaf, the prince becomes a Christian saint: the Georgian Balavariani, the saint is translated: Greek and Latin versions of the Barlaam legend, the pious prince goes to war: Gui de Cambrai's Barlaam and Josaphat, the Buddha becomes Josaphat for early modern readers, and Josaphat becomes the Buddha for modern readers.