Barlaam of Calabria

Barlaam of Calabria

 

(1290-1348). Byzantine philosopher, astronomer, and mathematician.

Barlaam’s rationalistic leanings and his fight against hesychasm led to his condemnation at an ecclesiastic council in Constantinople in 1341. After that he went to Italy, converted to Catholicism, and became bishop in the Kingdom of Naples. He was a great expert on ancient (classical) philosophy; his works include The Ethics of the Stoics and Logic. He was a teacher of Petrarch and Boccaccio.

WORKS

In Patrologia Graeca …, edited by J.-P. Migne, vol. 151. Paris, 1857-66.

REFERENCES

Uspenskii, F. I. Ocherki po istorii vizantiiskoi obrazovannosti. St.Petersburg, 1891.
Losev, A. F. Ocherki antichnogo simvolizma i mifologii, vol. 1. Moscow, 1930. Pages 849-56.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gregory Palamas wrote nine treatises defending the practice of the monks against the serious criticism of Barlaam of Calabria, who attacked the hesychasts' psychosomatic method of prayer.
It was not until the 14th century that "participation" became a matter of dispute between Gregory Palamas and Barlaam of Calabria. The latter insisted on knowing God through analysis of the phenomena of the world, while the former emphasized a life of prayer and asceticism.