Barnard, Edward Emerson

Barnard, Edward Emerson,

1857–1923, American astronomer, b. Nashville, Tenn., grad. Vanderbilt Univ., 1887. From 1887 to 1895 he was astronomer at Lick Observatory in California, and from 1895 he was professor of practical astronomy at the Univ. of Chicago and astronomer at Yerkes Observatory. The discoverer of 16 comets, Jupiter's fifth satellite (1892), and Barnard's starBarnard's star,
star with the largest observed proper motion (rate of motion across the sky with respect to other stars); located in the constellation Ophiuchus. The star's large proper motion, 10.
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 (1916), he was given distinguished recognition by the Academy of Sciences of France and the Royal Astronomical Society of Great Britain. His photographs of comets, planets, nebulae, and the Milky Way are notable contributions to astronomy.
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Barnard, Edward Emerson

(1857–1923) astronomer; born in Nashville, Tenn. Brilliant, but unschooled, he worked for his fatherless family in a photography studio from the age of nine. He later applied his photographic and observational skills to photographing the Milky Way while at the Lick Observatory (1888–95), where he also discovered the 5th moon of Jupiter. At the University of Chicago (1895–1923), he devoted himself to astronomy.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.