Barnard, George Grey

Barnard, George Grey,

1863–1938, American sculptor, b. Bellefonte, Pa. He studied engraving, then sculpture, first at the Art Institute of Chicago, then at the École des Beaux-Arts, Paris. A strong Rodin influence is evident in his early work, such as Two Natures (Metropolitan Mus.). In 1912 he completed several figures for the new state capitol at Harrisburg, Pa. A colossal statue of Lincoln, in 1917, was the subject of heated controversy because of its rough-hewn features and slouching stance. It is now in Manchester, England, and a replica is in Cincinnati. Interested in medieval art, Barnard gathered discarded fragments of Gothic works from French villages. He established this collection near his home in Washington Heights, New York City, in a building that he called the CloistersCloisters, the,
museum of medieval European art, in Fort Tryon Park, New York City, overlooking the Hudson River. A branch of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, it was opened to the public in May, 1938.
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. Others of Barnard's sculptures are The God Pan (Columbia Univ.), The Hewer (Cairo, Ill.), and Rising Woman and Adam and Eve (both: Rockefeller estate, at Pocantico Hills, N.Y.). At the time of his death he was at work on the 100-ft (30-km) Rainbow Arch, a memorial to peace.
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Barnard, George Grey

(1863–1938) sculptor, collector; born in Bellefonte, Pa. He studied at the Art Institute of Chicago (1880–83), in Paris (1883–87), traveled, and collected medieval antiquities that became part of the Cloisters Museum, New York. Based in New York City from 1896, he was known for his idealized marble sculptures.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.