Barnaul


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Barnaul

(bərnəo͞ol`), city (1989 pop. 602,000), capital of Altai Territory, SW Siberian Russia, on the Ob River. A port and major railway junction, Barnaul is in the heart of the Kulunda steppe, an agricultural area where wheat, corn, and sugar beets are grown. The city's chief industries produce cotton textiles, chemicals, artificial fibers, and machinery. Altai State Univ. is there. Barnaul was founded in 1771 as a silver-smelting center.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Barnaul

 

a city; center of Altai Krai, RSFSR. It is located on the left bank of the Ob’ River at the confluence of the Barnaulka River. It is a railroad center with lines running to Semipalatinsk, Kulunda, Novosibirsk, Novokuznetsk, and Biisk. There is a steamship dock. In 1970 the population was 439,000 (in 1939 it was 148,000).

The settlement of Barnaul appeared in 1730, built by the Russian industrialist A. Demidov, and in 1771 it became a city. From 1747 to 1917, Barnaul was the center of Altai Okrug, the personal possession of the tsars. In the second half of the 19th century it was a major trade center in the Altai region. At the start of the 1900’s, Social Democratic circles appeared in Barnaul. Soviet power was established on the night of Dec. 6–7, 1917. In June 1918, Barnaul was captured by the White Czechs and later by the White Guards. On Dec. 10, 1919, Soviet power was restored in the city by partisans and rebellious workers.

During the years of Soviet power, Barnaul has grown into a major industrial center of Western Siberia. Its machine-building plants turn out steam boilers for power stations, diesel engines, metal-cutting lathes, mechanical presses, and radio engineering equipment. There are repair facilities for railroad cars, steamships, and barges. The chemical and textile industries play an important role, and an asbestos-rubber combine, a chemical fiber plant, and other installations have been built. Light industry produces 26 percent of the gross output of Barnaul’s industry; its most important enterprises are the mélange-yarn and cotton fabric combines. The food industry is developed, with meat, dairy, creamery, brewing, and other sectors. Large building-materials enterprises have been built which turn out reinforced-concrete components, large-panel building modules, cellular concrete, and other products. There are poly technical, medical, agricultural, and pedagogical institutes and 12 special educational institutions. There are dramatic, musical-comedy, and puppet theaters and a museum of local lore.

REFERENCE

Kambalov, N. A., T. A. Polukhin, and N. E. Skupov. Barnaul. Barnaul, 1967.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Barnaul

a city in S Russia, on the River Ob. Pop.: 605 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
In years past, commercial ammunition from Barnaul Cartridge Plant was imported into the United States and sold under a few different popular brand names, but not theirs.
Following completion of the transaction, MDMG's chain in the Siberian Federal District has substantially expanded and as of now includes four clinics and one hospital in Novosibirsk, two clinics in Krasnoyarsk, and clinics in Omsk, Irkutsk, Barnaul and Novokuznetsk.
The Tupolev-154, which took off from Barnaul in Siberia and was headed to Norilsk in northern Russia, made an emergency landing at Abakan, also in Siberia, at 0325 GMT, Irina Butenko, spokeswoman for the regional emergencies ministry, said.
Other routes already covered by the codeshare agreement include Czech Airlines' flights from Prague to Dublin, Manchester, Bratislava, Samara, Cosice and Ostrava as well as Aeroflot's flights from Moscow to Irkutsk, Barnaul, Omsk and Kemerovo.
MegaFon, which had a 27.555m subscriber base at the end of August, has 38 base stations in Barnaul, the capital of the Altai Region, along with a switchboard with a capacity of 100,000 telephone numbers.
In Barnaul, 180 miles west of Kemerovo, hospital patients had to be evacuated because of poor heating supplies.
Action, which took place recently in the Siberian city of Barnaul, saw a dummy dressed in U.S.
But the difficulties posed by the provisions of his will, which place all his studio pictures in the collection of the Barnaul Museum of Art and Natural History--Barnaul, a mining town of half a million or so, is 110 miles south of Novosibirsk--have made exhibitions of his work infrequent in the West.
company to start working with Barnaul to import/market and sell a wide selection of Barnaul-branded ammunition in the U.S.
In 2015 a radar station Voronezh-DM will be placed into service in Yeniseisk, Siberia, a year ahead of schedule, and another such station will begin operating in Barnaul, the Altai region, six month ahead of schedule, Shoigu added.
Footages display young man in Barnaul province of Russian Siberia region who spill gasoline on his clothes, burn himself and jump over the roof of five-storey building on snow.