Barnes, Albert Coombs

Barnes, Albert Coombs:

see Barnes FoundationBarnes Foundation,
museum and arborteum in Merion and Philadelphia, Pa. Founded in 1922, it houses the impressive art collection amassed by Albert Coombs Barnes, 1872–1951, a wealthy Philadelphia physician, patent-medicine inventor, and pharmaceutical manufacturer.
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Barnes, Albert Coombs

(1872–1951) pharmacologist, art collector; born in Philadelphia. He studied at Philadelphia Medical School (M.D. 1892), and interned at the State Hospital of the Insane, Warren, Pa. After study and travel in Europe, he devoted himself to chemical research, developing a new antiseptic, Argyrol (1902), that made him a fortune. By 1905 he began collecting late-19th- and early-20th-century French art, wrote several books on art, and in 1922 established the Barnes Foundation in Merion, Pa., where he housed his collection. Dogmatic in his ideas about art, and ornery in his dealings with art professionals, he allowed only a select few individuals to view his collection during his lifetime.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.