Barnes Foundation


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Barnes Foundation,

museum and arborteum in Merion and Philadelphia, Pa. Founded in 1922, it houses the impressive art collection amassed by Albert Coombs Barnes, 1872–1951, a wealthy Philadelphia physician, patent-medicine inventor, and pharmaceutical manufacturer. Introduced to art by a schoolmate, the painter William GlackensGlackens, William James,
1870–1938, American landscape and genre painter and illustrator, b. Philadelphia. An illustrator for Philadelphia and New York City newspapers and magazines for many years, Glackens first exhibited his paintings with the Eight and achieved fame as
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, Barnes acquired thousands of works of art and objects. The collection is particularly rich in impressionist and postimpressionist paintings and in European and American moderns, with Renoir, Cézanne, Matisse, and Picasso especially well represented. Also included in the collection are Old Master paintings and drawings, African sculpture, American folk art, antiquities, Native American artifacts, antique furniture, and metal objects. In addition to its collections, the foundation maintains libraries and extensive archives.

Barnes, who scorned traditional museum practice, displayed his eclectic collection in his home in Merion, Pa., outside Philadelphia, in a highly idiosyncratic fashion, envisioning it and the courses offered by the foundation as means of providing art education to the masses. He wrote several books on art and carried on running feuds with various critics and museums. Ten years after his death the collection opened to the public on a regular basis. Barnes left control of his foundation to Lincoln Univ., in SE Pennsylvania, with the stipulation that the collection not be moved or altered.

In 2003, ostensibly to prevent foundation bankruptcy, Lincoln's board voted to relocate the art collection to downtown Philadelphia, and a court decision in 2004 permitted the move. The American architects Tod Williams and Billie Tsien designed the collection's new home, where, by court order, the new galleries replicate those in the Merion building. The Philadephia facility opened in 2012; the art library also is located there. The foundation's archives and arboretum and horticultural library and programs remain in Merion. A third site, Ker-Feal, in West Pikeland Township, is not open to the public; it is the former Barnes family home.

Bibliography

See Great French Paintings from the Barnes Foundation (1993); H. Greenfield, The Devil and Dr. Barnes: Portrait of an American Art Collector (1987); J. Anderson, Art Held Hostage: The Battle over the Barnes Collection (2003); M. A. Meyers, Art, Education, and African-American Culture: Albert Barnes and the Science of Philanthropy (2003); J. F. Dolkart et al., The Barnes Foundation: Masterworks (2012); T. Williams et al., The Architecture of the Barnes Foundation (2012).

References in periodicals archive ?
-The Barnes Foundation: Home to one of the worldaACAOs greatest collections of impressionist, post-impressionist, and modern European paintings, The Barnes Foundation offers fun art-focused programming for children.Children aged 2-4 along with their caregiver can participate in art making, story time, and movement activities at Barnes Toddler Time.
Noble Royalties Inc., Alpine Royalties LLC -- subsidiary; buyers, Alpine Fund Total Ownership, 5 O'Clock Somewhere LLC, JC Kellogg Foundation, JC Kellogg Foundation, Boyle Foundation, James E & M Barnes Foundation, D Burke Kibbler III -- marital trust, Giving Forever Foundation, Lois E.
Wright follows his fusillade against largeness with a sustained sneer at Wendy Russell Reves, the former model and philanthropist who donated a splendid collection of European art to a fledging Dallas museum but attached an "intransigent demand that her residence be faithfully reproduced in order to showcase the art." If that seems strange to you, consider that Albert Barnes did approximately the same thing with his storied Barnes Foundation, specifying in the institution's charter that his eccentric arrangement of Matisses and Cezannes be displayed just as he left them, a request that was honored until the clowns to whom he entrusted his bequest ruined it.
'Silent Secret Waterfalls: The Barnes Series' is at the Barnes Foundation, Philadelphia, from 12 January-17 November (www.barnesfoundation.org).
whether or not a catalogue published for an exhibition falls within the definition of 'pamphlet' under Article 47) was heard by the court in the Barnes Foundation Case.
In addition, she is Trustee Emerita of the Barnes Foundation and Honorary Trustee of the American Museum of Natural History.
There are venerable art institutions within walking distance of each other: The Rodin Museum, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, and the Barnes Foundation, which creates new ways to view art by intermingling timelines, genres, and geography.
In the current exhibition at the Barnes Foundation, many of these outfits are mounted, trophy-like, on a large wall plastered with copies of a flyer made to promote the event.
Just minutes from the Barnes Foundation, the Kimmel Center for the Performing Arts, Rittenhouse Square, the Financial District, and The Liberty Bell, its unmatched location will allow business and leisure travellers to experience all that the city has to offer.
At the Barnes Foundation in Philadelphia, "Person of the Crowd: The Contemporary Art of Flanerie" (through May 22) subverts this idiosyncratic wanderer with works made by more than 50 international artists since 1950, all of which employ the public sphere for sociopolitical commentary.
Williams and Tsien, a husband and wife team, have also designed the Barnes Foundation in Philadelphia, the Phoenix Art Museum and the Logan Center for the Arts in Chicago. Obama's presidential library will be located at Chicago's Jackson Park, where the 1893 World's Fair was held and where the former first couple lived before moving to Washington. "Michelle and I are thrilled that the Obama Presidential Center will be developed in the heart of Chicago's South Side, a community we call home and that means the world to us," Obama said in a statement when the project (http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/07/30/488033477/its-official-obamas-presidential-library-will-be-in-chicagos-jackson-park) was announced in July 2016.
Philadelphia was already renowned for its rich history and vibrant arts scene, including The Barnes Foundation museum and the Philadelphia Museum of Art, where Sylvester Stallone ran up the steps in "Rocky."