Barnyard Grass


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Barnyard Grass

 

(Echinochloa crusgalli), also known as barn grass and barnyard millet, an annual plant of the family Gramineae. The culm, which measures 15–100 cm tall and branches from the base, has erect or decumbent thickened branches. The leaves, measuring up to 2.5 cm wide, are hairless and rough along the edges. The inflorescence is paniculate, dense, and often secund; it is up to 20 cm long. The spikelets have one floret and are oval, arranged in groups of two to four on short pedicels on one side of the branchlets. There are generally three lemmas, two of which are upper lemmas, often long-awned. The time of flowering is from July to September. Barnyard grass is found almost everywhere. In the USSR it grows everywhere except in the arctic as a weed in fields, gardens, orchards, and damp meadows, as well as along roads, dwellings, and bodies of water. Barnyard grass is grown in pastures and is used for making hay. It also serves as feed for poultry.

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Mustard mulching: This Prosser greenhouse study pits three biofumigant crops (white mustard, brown mustard, and rapeseed) against small-seeded weeds--redroot pigweed and barnyard grass.
Subordinate streamside vegetation is comprised of seepwillow baccharis (Baccharis salicifolia), which is dominant, deergrass (Muhlenbergia rigens), cattail (Typha latifolia), annual spikesedge (Eleocharis caribaea), Grisebach bristlegrass (Setaria grisebachii), plains bristlegrass (Setaria leucopila), barnyard grass (Echinochloa crusgalli), knotgrass (Paspalum distichum) and water bentgrass (Agrostis semiverticillata).
but the barnyard grass caryopses from Kazahari represent wild forms.