Barrel Vault


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barrel vault

[′bar·əl ‚vȯlt]
(architecture)
A masonry vault of plain, semicircular cross section, supported by parallel walls or arcades and adapted to longitudinal areas. Also known as barrel roof; cradle vault; tunnel vault; wagonhead vault; wagon vault.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

barrel vault

A masonry vault resting on two parallel walls having the form of a half cylinder, sometimes called a tunnel vault.
See also: Vault
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Barrel Vault

 

in architecture, a roof shaped as a semi-cylinder with a raised and tapered top, as a result of which the facade has a keellike pediment. Barrel vaults, seen in religious and civil architecture of the 17th and 18th centuries, are most often built of wood (for example, the churches of the Russian north, the palace in Kolomenskoie) and more rarely of stone (the church in the village of Taininskaia in Moscow Oblast). The crossing of two barrel vaults forms a cross barrel vault or a cubelike roof.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

barrel vault, barrel roof, cradle vault, tunnel vault, wagonhead vault, wagon vault

A masonry vault of plain, semicircular cross section, supported by parallel walls or arcades and adapted to longitudinal areas.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The considered barrel vault is composed of polar scissor units for the arches and translational units between the arches with equal member's length and has an outside height of 3,45 m (Figure 2).
Cove lighting accentuates a subtle barrel vault, highlighting the custom cherry, travertine and glass reception desk.
So the roof is a kind of mutated barrel vault; its northern (sun-facing) section steps down to form a series of slot-like rooflights.
While plans were being developed for the lobby work, ownership discovered the dramatic original ceiling, featuring a barrel vault of plaster coffered panels with decorative rosettes and moldings, hidden five feet above mundane flat sheet rock that had been installed in a 1970s "renovation."
Recognizing the historical significance and aesthetic qualities of the original ceiling, which featured a barrel vault of plaster coffered panels with decorative rosettes, the architects and the landlord decided to restore the original design to the soon-to-be renovated lobby.
The undulating barrel vault appears to float above the floorplates, emphasized by cladding and internal partitions stopping short of the roof.
Otherwise, the Historical Hall which can house huge exhibits - such as a Richard Long stone-circle - has variable top and side-light and the barrel-vaulted East Gallery with its unbroken walls provides a magnificent setting for paintings which can be either naturally lit from the continuous skylight, controlled by louvres above the barrel vault, or alternatively artificially lit from the same source.