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see attorneyattorney,
agent put in place of another to manage particular affairs of the principal. An attorney in fact is an agent who conducts business under authority that is controlled and limited by a written document called a letter, or power, of attorney granted by the principal.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(from the English “bar”—the barrier separating the court from the defendant), the highest rank for a lawyer in England. In order to receive the title of barrister, it is necessary to have a higher legal education, to attend a three-year training program at one of the lawyers’ associations (Inns of Court), and to pass a comprehensive examination in the law. Only after this can a candidate become a member of an Inn of Court with the title of barrister and obtain the right to act as counsel in all (including the highest) courts. Usually a barrister initiates proceedings only through the intermediary of a solicitor except in those criminal cases that the barrister undertakes himself. The separation of English lawyers into barristers and solicitors, which dates back to the 13—14th centuries, is an anachronism which has been noted even in English juridical literature. The existence of two categories of lawyers and the resulting peculiarities of conducting cases significantly increase the expenses of conducting legal business. The barristers are closely linked to the ruling elite of the English bourgeoisie and play a marked role in the political life of the nation. The attorney general and the judges of the superior courts of law are usually appointed from among the barristers.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. (in England) a lawyer who has been called to the bar and is qualified to plead in the higher courts
2. (in Canada) a lawyer who pleads in court
3. US a less common word for lawyer
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Criminal barristers in England and Wales threatened to stage a national walkout in protest at low fees in action.
Further guidance about unregistered barristers is available on the BSB website.
Under the new scheme, barristers are paid for legal aid work in relation to the complexity of a case.
He said the barristers should come to Punjab Judicial Academy to deliver lectures.
With experience you may become a senior barristers' clerk, also known as chambers director, this role carries a lot more responsibilty.
About Barristers - Barristers Title & Closing Services provides property title search and real estate closing services for residential properties throughout the state of New Hampshire.
Mr Elvidge, who is also head of Dere Street Barristers, said repeated cuts were forcing experienced barristers from the profession and putting justice in jeopardy.
A solicitor would still have to be involved in the case of, for example, court action, but a Chartered Engineer who simply wants advice on a contract, for example, can now instruct a barrister directly.
They would take a fortnight to earn what commercial barristers earn in hour and in the longer term, bright young lawyers could shun the criminal law, affecting prosecutions too.
Cox, pictured, a company secretary in Bury, Lancashire, claimed he made it clear to the client he was only a "non-practising" barrister.