Bartang


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Bartang

 

a river in the Pamir, in Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast (rises in Afghanistan); right tributary of the Piandzh (headwaters of the Amu Darya). The upper reaches of the Bartang are called the Oxus; the middle, the Murghab; and slightly below Sarez Lake the river becomes known as the Bartang. The entire system of the Bartang-Murghab-Oxus is 528 km long. (The Bartang proper is 133 km long.) The basin area is 24,700 sq km. The Bartang crosses the Pamir from east to west in a deep-cut valley. It is fed primarily by snow and glaciers. At the estuary the average year-round discharge is 128 cu m per sec. The Shudzhan Hydroelectric Power Plant is located on the Bartang.

References in periodicals archive ?
The lake was created in the early 20th century, when an earthquake touched off a massive landslide in the Bartang Valley in the Pamir Mountains, creating a natural dam across the Murgab River.
After the ice caps are weighed down by winter powder, spring melting fills streams that feed the Valdash, Bartang, Kowcheh, and Vakhan tributaries, and eventually the Panj River.
The villages of the picturesque Bartang valley would be obliterated.