Law"), and 183 (relating Bartholomaeus Anglicus
John Trevisa's English translation of Bartholomaeus Anglicus
's De re proprietatibus, drawing on Platearius and Constantinus Africanus, attributes mental disorders to an imbalance of humours and/or the physiology of the cranium.
Medieval anatomy and physiognomy inherited from Greek medicine the notion that the proportions of the four humors established an individual's "complexion" or "temperament." (43) As Nancy Siraisi explains, the balance of blood, phlegm, black bile, and red/yellow bile was "held to be responsible for psychological as well as physical disposition," with the "ideal complexion" being "well balanced." (44) These ideas are enshrined in works such as John Trevisa's translation of Bartholomaeus Anglicus
's De Proprietatibus Rerum, a popular encyclopaedic text of the late Middle Ages.
For example, Bartholomaeus Anglicus
(name notwithstanding, a Frenchman) compiled nineteen volumes around A.D.
These themes were taken up by the Franciscan theologians-musicians-theorists to whose work Loewen dedicates chapters: Lotario di Segni (Pope Innocent III), Alexander of Hales, William of Middleton, David von Augsburg, Robert Grosseteste, Roger Bacon, Bartholomaeus Anglicus
, and Juan Gil de Zamora.
In the same person, or in the same family, since a tendency towards such imbalances proceeded by what Bartholomaeus Anglicus
calls the "law of heritage," an excess of black bile might produce the melancholic disposition of a Hamlet, the lubricious inclinations of a Claudius, and the "lazar-like" spots, stains, and whelks of a leper (1.5.72).
Typical here is the Franciscan Bartholomaeus Anglicus
, who compiled a work entitled On the Properties of Things in the middle decades of the century.
This is how Bartholomaeus Anglicus
, the 14th-century Minorite friar, characterised forests; a 'place of hiding and of lurking' where 'thieves are hid, and often in their awaits and deceits [sic] passing men come and are spoiled and robbed and often slain'.
(13) John of Trevisa, On the Properties of Things: John Trevisa's Translation of Bartholomaeus Anglicus
"De Proprietatibus Rerum" gen.
Isidore of Seville and Bartholomaeus Anglicus
are in agreement that adolescence is marked by its lack of secure essence.
As you create your medieval herb garden, ponder the words of the 13th Century herbalist Bartholomaeus Anglicus
, who said: