Bartholomew Fair


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Bartholomew Fair

August 24
Although St. Bartholomew's Day isn't really celebrated anymore, for more than 700 years (1133-1855) it was the day on which the Bartholomew Fair was held at Smithfield on the outskirts of London. What began as an opportunity for buying and selling cloth eventually turned into a major event. Almost every type of commodity could be purchased there, and a number of sideshows and other crude sources of entertainment were available as well—earning the Fair its present-day reputation as "the Coney Island of medieval England."
Eventually the entertainment aspects of the Fair outweighed its commercial purposes, and although it was very much a part of English life there was a movement to close it down. In 1822, thousands of people rioted in protest against the threat of closing the Fair. But finally, in 1855, it was permanently abolished.
St. Bartholomew's Day is also known for the massacre of the Huguenots (Protestants) in France, which began at the instigation of Catherine de Medici in Paris on the night of August 23-24, 1572, and spread throughout the country for two more days until between 5,000 and 10,000 had been killed.
SOURCES:
BkDays-1864, vol. II, p. 264
DaysCustFaith-1957, p. 217
DictDays-1988, p. 9
FestSaintDays-1915, p. 176
OxYear-1999, pp. 343, 344
References in periodicals archive ?
He asserts "that Bartholomew Fair invests the space of the brothel .
23) The players who came to Taylor's rescue were probably the Lady Elizabeth's Men, who performed in Ben Jonson's Bartholomew Fair on that very stage just a few weeks later.
Here, she comments on how the "public theater and the ballad trade worked in concert, and competition, to publicly communicate depictions of feminine malfeasance" (112), noting the ballad monger characters in Shakespeare's Winter's Tale and Ben Jonson's Bartholomew Fair.
In Chapter 1, on the puppeteer and the puppet, Johnson focuses on Middleton's The Revenger's Tragedy and Jonson's Bartholomew Fair.
Bartholomew Fair looked as though he could have a bright future when winning at Yarmouth and may be the middledistance three-year-old star the division is beginning to look in desperate need of.
The remainder of the book turns to London, but to a variety of different Londons--ranging from the narrowly defined social world of Jonson's Epicoene, to a chaotic commercial world of his Bartholomew Fair, to the Town represented by Covent Garden, and, finally, to the urban green world of Hyde Park.
Runner-up Bartholomew Fair is well-regarded by trainer Luca Cumani.
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But exotic locations were set aside, and Jonson settled on London for his comic art, with Bartholomew Fair (1616) his great version of Vanity Fair.
Poor Win Littlewit in Bartholomew Fair is offered the more capacious confines of a "dripping pan" when she is taken short (Jonson 3.
The Stratford Festival's Macbeth and Bartholomew Fair were both full of sound and fury.
101)--the puppet scene in Bartholomew Fair, and 'the fierce Talmudic exchanges' (p.