Bartolomé Esteban Murillo

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Murillo, Bartolomé Esteban


Baptized Jan. 1, 1618, in Sevilla; died there Apr. 3, 1682. Spanish painter.

Murillo studied and worked in Sevilla; he was one of the founders (1660) and the first president of a local academy of painting. Already in Murillo’s early works, which showed the influence of Caravaggism, religious scenes were presented as events from folk life. In the 1650’s, Murillo began to use a golden chiaroscuro, adopting a more picturesque style (especially in landscape backgrounds). His religious compositions, including scenes from the life of the Virgin Mary (The Flight Into Egypt, 1665–70, Hermitage, Leningrad), depicted the national type of Spanish woman with penetrating lyricism but were frequently marked by idealization and sentimentality.

The realistic features of Murillo’s work were manifested most fully in his innovative genre paintings, for instance, in a series of paintings that depicted with good-natured humor the life of Sevillian ragamuffins (Boys With Fruits, 1645–54, Old Pinakothek, Munich).


Levina, I. M. Kartiny Muril’o v Ermitazhe. [Leningrad, 1969.]
Mayer, A. Murillo, 2nd ed. Stuttgart, 1923.
Muñoz, A. Murillo. Novara, 1942.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Caption: Three depictions of the Immaculate Conception, from left, two by Diego Velazquez and one by Bartolome Esteban Murillo
Pictures, JOHN JAMES; Images show conservator Stewart Meese working on the masterpiece by Bartolome Esteban Murillo
Among the highlights on display is The Vision of Saint Anthony of Padua (1670-80) by Bartolome Esteban Murillo (1617-82), offered by Madrid-based Caylus Gallery (Fig.