Bartolomeu Dias

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Related to Bartolomeu Dias: Ferdinand Magellan, Amerigo Vespucci, Vasco da Gama
Bartolomeu Dias
BirthplaceAlgarve, Kingdom of Portugal
Navigator and Explorer
Known for First European to sail around the southernmost tip of Africa.

Dias, Bartolomeu

(bär'to͝olo͝omā`o͝o dē`əsh), d. 1500, Portuguese navigator. He was the first European to round (1488) the Cape of Good Hope, which he called Cabo Tormentoso [cape of storms]. That voyage opened the road to India. Dias accompanied CabralCabral, Pedro Alvares
, c.1467–c.1520, Portuguese navigator. A friend of Vasco da Gama, in 1500 he was sent out by Manuel I as head of a fleet destined for India. Bartolomeu Dias was one of his officers.
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 on the voyage that resulted in the discovery of Brazil, but he perished in heavy seas off the African coast. He is also called Bartholomew Diaz.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dias, Bartolomeu


(Bartolomeu Dias [Diaz] de Novaes). Born circa 1450; died May 29, 1500. Portuguese navigator.

In 1487, as the head of an expedition to find a sea route to India, Dias explored the southwestern seacoast of Africa from 22° to 33° S lat. He was the first European to round the southern tip of Africa. Having traveled along the southern shore of Africa as far as Algoa Bay, Dias was compelled to return to Portugal by the ship’s crew. On the return voyage he discovered the Cape of Good Hope (1488). In 1500 he took part in the expedition of P. A. Cabral and perished en route, not far from the Cape of Good Hope.


Hart, H. Morskoi put’ v Indiiu. Moscow, 1959. (Translated from English.)
Hönnig, R. Nevedomye zemli, vol. 4. Moscow, 1963. (Translated from German.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Of course, there is no doubt that some well-known captains were navigators, meaning that they were technically able, as in the case of Gil Eanes, Diogo Gomes and Bartolomeu Dias, and that others were known of as pilots.
The very significant technical achievements of the Portuguese navigations at that time should be credited to those anonymous and unknown pilots who were in fact in charge of navigation, with few verifiable exceptions such as Gil Eanes, Diogo Gomes or Bartolomeu Dias. (23)
Portuguese navigator Bartolomeu Dias becomes the first European to reach the Indian Ocean by sailing around Africa.
ANSWERS: 1 Jacques-Yves Cousteau; 2 Monosodium glutamate in Chinese meals; 3 An engraver; 4 Ramadan; 5 Peppermint; 6 Mexico; 7 Sir Walter Scott; 8 Dylan Thomas; 9 Bartolomeu Dias; 10 Choux pastry.
After correcting his mistake, he was punished by ostracism (although he might have lived to learn that Bartolomeu Dias would finally round the Cape in 1488).
1487: Portuguese navigator Bartolomeu Dias sails around the southern tip of Africa and into the Indian Ocean.