Lombok

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Lombok

Lombok (lŏmbŏkˈ), island (1990 pop. 2,403,025), c.1,825 sq mi (4,725 sq km), E Indonesia, one of the Lesser Sundas, separated from Bali by the Strait of Lombok. Mataram, with the port of Ampenan nearby, is the chief town. The volcanic and mountainous terrain rises to 12,224 ft (3,726 m) at Mt. Rinjani (Rindjani); a caldera that is part of the Rinjani complex contains a lake and an active volcanic cone, Mt. Barujari. The caldera is the remnant of the collapse of Mt. Samalas, which may be the source of the massive volcanic eruption in 1257 that left traces in the ice sheets of Greenland and Antarctica and affected Europe's climate; the eruption was one of the largest in the last 10,000 years. Lombok's southern area is a fertile plain producing corn, rice, coffee, cotton, and tobacco; tourism is also important to the economy. The island is inhabited mainly by Sasaks, Muslims of Malay descent; there are also Balinese and ethnic Chinese. First visited by the Dutch in 1674, Lombok became part of the Netherlands East Indies in 1894. The English naturalist A. R. Wallace noted that Lombok is on the line where the fauna of Asia and Australia meet. A series of earthquakes in 2018 caused significant destruction on Lombok and killed several hundred people. A state university is in Mataram.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lombok

 

one of the Lesser Sunda Islands. It belongs to Indonesia. Its area totals 5,435 sq km (according to other sources, 4,729 sq km). In the north are mountains capped by the volcano Rinjani (3,726 m); in the central region there are hilly plains; and in the south, a limestone plateau that attains an altitude of 716 m.

Lombok has a subequatorial, monsoonal climate. The rainy season lasts from October to the end of March (the summer in the southern hemisphere). Savannas and sparse growths of trees predominate. Forests have been preserved high in the mountains. Rice, coffee, soybeans, peanuts, and tobacco are cultivated. There are deposits of lead and zinc ores. Mataram is the principal city.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Lombok

an island of Indonesia, in the Nusa Tenggara Islands east of Java: came under Dutch rule in 1894; important biologically as being transitional between Asian and Australian in flora and fauna, the line of demarcation beginning at Lombok Strait (a channel between Lombok and Bali, connecting the Flores Sea with the Indian Ocean). Chief town: Mataram. Pop.: 2 500 000 (1991). Area: 4730 sq. km (1826 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005