Bharuch

(redirected from Barygaza)

Bharuch

(bəro͞o`chə, –rōch`), formerly

Broach,

city (1991 pop. 139,029), Gujarat state, W India, on the Gulf of Khambat. A port at the mouth of the Narmada River, Bharuch ships cotton, wheat, and timber and manufactures textiles, ink, and glass. Bharuch was an important Buddhist center in the 7th cent. Under the Rajput dynasty (750–1300), it was the chief port of W India.
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References in periodicals archive ?
(68.) The English referred to Bharuch as Broach; the port was called Barygaza in the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea.
Um importante emporium de comunicacao ocidental entre a parte norte e sul da Italia (da regiao da Etruria ate a da Sicilia e Magna Grecia desde o seculo VIII aC.), a ilha de Pitecussa, e caracterizado como "emporium internacional" (Colstream 2003: 241; Siberman e Bauer 2012: 508); assim como varios outros emporia do mundo antigo: Quios, emporium que supria os mercados da Asia Menor (Sacks 2009: 85), o istmo de Corinto, no Peloponeso (Mackendrick e Howe 1959: 237), Mitilene, em Lesbos (Duffy 2009: 5), Chipre (Powell 2012: 145), Barygaza, na India (Freeman 2003: 75), Tiro e Al Mina, na Fenicia (Petereson 2012: 287; Luke 2003: 1), Cesareia, em Israel (Rosseau e Arav 1995: 31), e muitos outros.
This suggests that by as early as the mid-first century CE the Romans were already involved in the silk and luxuries trade with India, Central Asia and China, along both the sea routes from Alexandria to Barygaza or Arikamedu (as described in the first century CE sailors handbook, the Periplus of the Etythrian Sea), and the overland 'Silk Roads' through Parthia, Central Asia and into western China.
North Indian ports, especially Barygaza, exported both local goods and items from far afield (e.g., China) while emporia in southern India primarily exported locally available products.
O Periplo do Mar Eritreo informava que as rotas de Paithan ate Barygaza eram feitas em caravanas em grandes trilhas (Yazdani 1960:138).
Dentre eles estao o de Barygaza (Bharuch, no Gujarate), Soupara (Sopara, no distrito de Thana), Calliena (Kalyan, tambem em Thana) e Symilla (Chaul, no distrito de Kolaba).
O Periplo do Mar Eritreu menciona que os navios que chegavam a India primeiro ancoravam em Barygaza, em seguida, passavam por Souppara e Kalliena, ate chegar a Chaul.