Vasant Panchami

(redirected from Basant Panchami)

Vasant Panchami (Basant Panchami)

Type of Holiday: Calendar/Seasonal, Religious (Hindu)
Date of Observation: January-February; fifth day of the waxing half of the Hindu month of Magha
Where Celebrated: India
Symbols and Customs: Books, Sarasvati
Colors: Yellow-the color of the mustard flower that announces the arrival of spring.


Vasant Panchami is a springtime festival in Hinduism, which many scholars regard as the oldest living religion. The word Hindu is derived from the Sanskrit term Sindhu (or Indus), which meant river. It referred to people living in the Indus valley in the Indian subcontinent.

Hinduism has no founder, one universal reality (or god) known as Brahman, many gods and goddesses (sometimes referred to as devtas), and several scriptures. Hinduism also has no priesthood or hierarchical structure similar to that seen in some other religions, such as Christianity. Hindus acknowledge the authority of a wide variety of writings, but there is no single, uniform canon. The oldest of the Hindu writings are the Vedas. The word "veda" comes from the Sanskrit word for knowledge. The Vedas, which were compiled from ancient oral traditions, contain hymns, instructions, explanations, chants for sacrifices, magical formulas, and philosophy. Another set of sacred books includes the Great Epics, which illustrate Hindu faith in practice. The Epics include the Ramayana, the Mahab- harata, and the Bhagavad Gita.

The Hindu pantheon includes approximately thirty-three million gods. Some of these are held in higher esteem than others. Over all the gods, Hindus believe in one absolute high god or universal concept. This is Brahman. Although he is above all the gods, he is not worshipped in popular ceremonies because he is detached from the day-to-day affairs of the people. Brahman is impersonal. Lesser gods and goddesses (devtas) serve him. Because these are more intimately involved in the affairs of people, they are venerated as gods. The most honored god in Hinduism varies among the different Hindu sects. Although Hindu adherents practice their faith differently and venerate different deities, they share a similar view of reality and look back on a common history.

Vasant Panchami marks the changing of the seasons, which people in all parts of the world have honored since ancient times. Many cultures divided the year into two seasons, summer and winter, and marked these points of the year at or near the SUMMER SOLSTICE and WINTER SOLSTICE, during which light and warmth began to increase and decrease, respectively. In pre-industrial times, humans survived through hunting, gathering, and agricultural practices, which depend on the natural cycle of seasons, according to the climate in the region of the world in which they lived. Thus, they created rituals to help ensure enough rain and sun in the spring and summer so crops would grow to fruition at harvest time, which was, in turn, duly celebrated. Vestiges of many of these ancient practices are thought to have survived in festivals still celebrated around seasonal themes.

One such seasonal event is Vasant Panchami, a festival of spring celebrated by Hindus throughout India in late January or early February (panchami means "fifth"). People wear bright yellow clothes because yellow is a color associated with the blooming of the mustard flower and the arrival of spring. Men often wear yellow turbans, while women wear yellow saris or tunics over trousers with a yellow scarf. The main meal of the day is made with yellow rice cooked especially for the occasion.

Vasant Panchami is a time for families to get together and spend the day flying kites, listening to music, and dancing. Because it is also a festival that honors SARASVATI , the Hindu goddess of learning, her image is frequently displayed and worshipped. In West Bengal, where the veneration of Sarasvati is particularly widespread, there are processions in which images of her graceful figure are carried to the river for a ceremonial bath.

Many of the celebrations held on this day take place in schools and universities, where SARASVATI is held in high esteem for her association with literature and the fine arts. Some young people in India have started to celebrate Vasant Panchami in much the same way that Americans celebrate VALENTINE'S DAY, as a day for young couples who are in love.



As an appropriate symbol for learning and eloquence, books play an important role in the celebration of Vasant Panchami. In the hope that SARASVATI will help them with their exams, students place special offerings of pens, brushes, and books before the goddess's image. Young Hindu children start their education on Vasant Panchami

this day by writing the 50 letters of the Sanskrit alphabet while seated before an image of Sarasvati, who is credited with the invention of the Sanskrit language. In some regions, it is a day for the dedication of books.


Sarasvati is usually shown holding a vina or lute, reclining on a lotus blossom or riding a white swan. In later Hindu mythology, she is the wife of Brahma and the goddess of wisdom and eloquence. It is widely believed that without Sarasvati's blessing, no one can be skilled in poetry, music, or any other art.

Sarasvati was originally a river goddess, worshipped for her fertilizing and purifying powers. She was personified in the Sarasvati River, which was as sacred to early Indians as the Ganges is to them today. But the identification of the goddess with the river is controversial, and the name Sarasvati is now applied to two rivers: one flows through the Punjab region and the other arises in the Aravalli Range, a series of hills that run through northern India.


Bellenir, Karen. Religious Holidays and Calendars. 3rd ed. Detroit: Omnigraphics, 2004. Henderson, Helene, ed. Holidays, Festivals, and Celebrations of the World Dictionary. 3rd ed. Detroit: Omnigraphics, 2005. Kapoor, Sukhbir Singh. Sikh Festivals. Vero Beach, FL: Rourke Enterprises, 1989. Leach, Maria, ed. Funk & Wagnalls Standard Dictionary of Folklore, Mythology & Leg- end. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1984. Sharma, Brijendra Nath. Festivals of India. New Delhi: Abhinav Publications, 1978. Thomas, Paul. Hindu Religion, Customs, and Manners. 6th ed. New York: APT Books, 1981. Trawicky, Bernard, and Ruth W. Gregory. Anniversaries and Holidays. 5th ed. Chicago: American Library Assocation, 2000. Underhill, Muriel M. The Hindu Religious Year. London: Oxford University Press, 1921. Van Straalen, Alice. The Book of Holidays Around the World. New York: Dutton, 1986.


Hindu Council UK
Holiday Symbols and Customs, 4th ed. © Omnigraphics, Inc. 2009

Vasant Panchami (Basant Panchami)

January-February; fifth day of waxing half of Hindu month of Magha
Vasant Panchami is a festival of spring, celebrated throughout India among Hindus and Sikhs at the end of January or in early February. People wear bright yellow clothes, the color of the mustard flower that heralds the onset of spring, and mark the day with music, dancing, and kite-flying.
In Shantiniketan, West Bengal, the festival is celebrated with special lavishness in honor of Sarasvati, the Hindu goddess of learning and the arts. Her images are taken in procession to rivers to be bathed, and books and pens are placed at her shrine.
Many five-year-old Sikh children begin attending school for the first time on this day because Sikhs believe it a sacred time for children to begin their education.
In recent years, many young people observe Vasant Panchami (also spelled Basant Panchami ) by exchanging tokens of affection, similar to Valentine's Day in the United States.
Department of Tourism, Government of West Bengal
2, Brabourne Road
Kolkata, West Bengal 700 001 India
91-33-22258134; fax: 91-33-22254565
BkHolWrld-1986, Feb 16
OxYear-1999, p. 720
RelHolCal-2004, p. 182
SikhFest-1989, p. 41
Holidays, Festivals, and Celebrations of the World Dictionary, Fourth Edition. © 2010 by Omnigraphics, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Other than the Makar Sankaranti, the Mauni Amawasya (February 4) and the Basant Panchami (February 10) are considered royal bathing dates, because on these days Naga Sadhus mingle with common devotees, take a holy dip in Triveni Sangam and stage mock Akharas to perform Hindu martial arts, displaying such ancient weapons as 'trishul' (trident), 'pharsa' (battleaxe), 'chimta' (a pair of tongs), swords, etc.
The students had eaten the sweets distributed after Basant Panchami celebrations, following which they are said to have developed a medical condition.
But if they don't get a chance to take a holy dip on February 4, they will opt for February 10 on the occasion of Basant Panchami and the 3rd 'Shahi Snan'.
He invited everyone to join the "Pran Pratishtha Ceremony" of Baba Balak Nath Jis Murti on Basant Panchami, Feb.10, 2019.
For thousands of years on the fifth of Magha of the lunar calendar, which in 2019 falls on the 10th of February, people all over the sub-continent, more so in Punjab, celebrate Basant, or Basant Panchami. On this day the people pray for a healthy crop, and they celebrate the yellow flowering of the fields by wearing yellow clothes, enjoying fresh 'saag' with 'makai ke roti' (with butter on it), and then there is the 'dhool' and traditional dancing and folk songs and to top it all colourful kites are flown and in the competition there is jest and playful taunts.
According to the Uttar Pradesh government, 12mn pilgrims are expected on January 15 (Makar Sankranti), 5.5mn on Januray 21 (Paush Purnima), 30mn on February 4 (Mauni Amavasya), 20mn on February 10 (Basant Panchami), 16mn on February 19 (Maghi Purnima), and 6mn on March 4 (Mahashivratri).
The Basant Kite Festival is a traditional event that signifies the coming of spring and it is marked by the famous Basant Panchami Festival in the Punjab region of India and in neighbouring Pakistan.
Hrithik announced the news on his Twitter account, marking the occasion of Saraswati Puja and Basant Panchami. He wrote:"On the auspicious day of Saraswati Puja and Basant Panchami, I am beginning my Super 30 journey where I am playing a teacher for the first time.
For about a month Dhar town in Madhya Pradesh was under communal tension because of the disputed structure, Bhojshala-Kamal Maula mosque, where the Hindus and Muslims insisted on offering prayers on the day of Basant Panchami (February 12).
While some parts of north India including Pilani celebrate Vishwakarma Puja close to Diwali, other parts including Bhilwara celebrate it close to Basant Panchami.
SANJAY Rastogi has already stacked up a bunch of kites for Bhuvneshwar Kumar, so that when the promising India pacer returns to his home in Meerut, he can indulge in his favourite pastime on the occasion of Basant Panchami next month.