Basel Peace Treaties of 1795

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Basel Peace Treaties of 1795

 

separate peace treaties signed in Basel, Switzerland, between the French Republic and two of the participants in the first anti-French coalition, Prussia and Spain.

(1) On April 5 the treaty between France and Prussia was signed, according to which Prussia recognized French annexation of the left bank of the Rhine. The treaty also included a number of secret clauses.

(2) On July 22 the treaty between France and Spain was signed. By the terms of this treaty France received the Spanish part of the island of Haiti, and those parts of Catalonia and Navarre and the Basque Provinces occupied by French troops were returned to Spain. The Basel treaties were the result of the French army’s successes and the intensifying contradictions within the first anti-French coalition. The conclusion of these treaties signified the beginning of the dissolution of that coalition.

PUBLICATION

Clercq, M. de. Recueil des traités de la France, t. I. 1713–1802. Paris, 1864. Pages 232–36.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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